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2006 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 2.11
Postoperative respiratory failure per 1,000 elective-surgery discharges (excluding patients with respiratory disease, circulatory disease, and obstetric conditions), United States, 2001 and 2003
    2003 2001
Population group Ratea Standard error Ratea Standard error
Total 4.63 0.10 3.46 0.09
Age 0-17 2.92 0.47 1.58 0.45
18-44 0.94 0.25 0.76 0.22
45-64 3.02 0.21 2.05 0.19
65 and over 5.36 0.22 3.70 0.21
Age 65-69 4.69 0.29 3.46 0.29
70-74 5.42 0.30 3.76 0.30
75-79 5.70 0.34 3.81 0.33
80-84 5.76 0.43 3.70 0.43
85 and over 5.64 0.64 3.92 0.63
Gender Male 4.83 0.17 3.31 0.16
Female 2.97 0.14 2.13 0.13
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 5.79 0.45 4.13 0.36
$25,000-$34,999 5.81 0.19 3.50 0.17
$35,000-$44,999 4.56 0.15 3.41 0.15
$45,000 or more 4.22 0.11 3.42 0.11
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 4.72 0.11 3.85 0.11
Metropolitan-small 4.62 0.14 3.17 0.14
Micropolitan 4.41 0.23 2.69 0.22
Noncore 4.29 0.27 2.97 0.28
Expected payment source Private insurance 3.82 0.10 3.22 0.09
Medicare 5.47 0.18 3.60 0.18
Medicaid 6.79 0.26 4.79 0.27
Other insurance 3.66 0.26 3.33 0.24
Uninsured/self pay/no charge 4.97 0.41 3.56 0.40
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 3.69 0.17 2.85 0.16
Midwest 4.15 0.16 3.04 0.16
South 5.43 0.13 4.39 0.13
West 4.56 0.17 2.85 0.16
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 4.22 0.10 3.42 0.10
Private, for-profit 7.25 0.20 3.86 0.19
Public 4.46 0.22 3.33 0.22
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 4.46 0.13 3.47 0.13
Non-teaching 4.72 0.11 3.46 0.11
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 4.78 0.11 3.95 0.11
Metropolitan-small 4.71 0.13 3.10 0.13
Micropolitan 3.72 0.29 1.81 0.27
Noncore 1.91 0.52 DSU DSU
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 2.42 0.25 1.68 0.23
100-299 4.46 0.13 3.41 0.12
300-499 5.07 0.14 3.86 0.14
500 or more 5.15 0.16 3.82 0.16

a Estimates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, and DRG clusters. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender, comorbidities, and DRG clusters; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age, comorbidities, and DRG clusters.

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

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