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2006 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Table 2.26a
Selected infections due to medical care per 1,000 discharges (excluding immunocompromised and cancer patients and neonatesa), United States, 2001 and 2003
    2003 2001
Population group Rateb Standard error Rateb Standard error
Total 2.27 0.03 2.11 0.03
Age 0-17 1.78 0.07 1.94 0.07
18-44 1.86 0.04 1.69 0.04
45-64 3.00 0.05 2.76 0.05
65 and over 2.06 0.05 1.91 0.05
Age 65-69 2.92 0.09 2.65 0.09
70-74 2.69 0.09 2.40 0.08
75-79 2.21 0.09 2.20 0.08
80-84 1.78 0.09 1.69 0.09
85 and over 0.92 0.09 0.76 0.09
Gender Male 2.25 0.04 2.12 0.04
Female 2.13 0.03 1.95 0.03
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 2.42 0.09 1.94 0.08
$25,000-$34,999 2.21 0.05 1.95 0.05
$35,000-$44,999 2.23 0.04 2.13 0.04
$45,000 or more 2.31 0.04 2.23 0.04
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 2.49 0.04 2.32 0.04
Metropolitan-small 2.17 0.04 2.08 0.04
Micropolitan 1.92 0.06 1.65 0.06
Noncore 1.59 0.07 1.45 0.07
Expected payment source Private insurance 1.92 0.04 1.85 0.03
Medicare 2.57 0.05 2.36 0.05
Medicaid 2.59 0.04 2.33 0.04
Other insurance 1.99 0.10 1.89 0.10
Uninsured/self pay/no charge 1.52 0.08 1.56 0.08
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 2.44 0.05 2.35 0.05
Midwest 2.14 0.05 1.88 0.04
South 2.19 0.04 2.04 0.04
West 2.41 0.05 2.32 0.05
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 2.30 0.03 2.16 0.03
Private, for-profit 2.20 0.05 2.02 0.06
Public 2.20 0.05 1.93 0.06
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 2.88 0.04 2.61 0.04
Non-teaching 1.98 0.03 1.87 0.03
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 2.56 0.04 2.39 0.04
Metropolitan-small 2.18 0.04 2.01 0.04
Micropolitan 1.39 0.07 1.33 0.06
Noncore 0.96 0.08 0.92 0.08
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 1.29 0.05 1.16 0.05
100-299 2.06 0.04 2.05 0.04
300-499 2.41 0.04 2.33 0.04
500 or more 3.06 0.05 2.61 0.05

a Also excludes admissions specifically for such infections, such as cases from earlier admissions, from other hospitals, or from other settings.

b Estimates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, and DRG clusters. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender, comorbidities, and DRG clusters; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age, comorbidities, and DRG clusters.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

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