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Data Sources—U.S. Census Bureau

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American Community Survey (ACS)

Sponsor

U.S. Census Bureau.

Description

The ACS is used in the 2007 NHDR to provide population estimates for workforce diversity assessments. This survey is a new nationwide survey administered by the U.S. Census Bureau and is designed to provide more up-to-date information about trends in the U.S. population at the local community level. The ACS collects and produces population and housing information every year. About 3 million households are surveyed each year, from across every county in the Nation.

Mode of Administration

The ACS is conducted using three methods of data collection to contact households: mail, telephone, and personal visits. Telephone surveys use computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI); personal visits use computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI); the self-enumeration procedure uses several mailing pieces, including a prenotice letter, the ACS questionnaire, a reminder card, and a replacement questionnaire if the original questionnaire is not returned in a timely manner. Sample addresses that do not respond by mail may be contacted using the followup procedures CATI, CAPI, or both.

Survey Sample Design

The sample for the ACS is selected in each of the counties and county equivalents in the United States, including the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Each year the ACS samples about 3 million housing unit addresses in the United States. No housing unit address can be sampled more than once in 5 years.

Primary Content

The ACS collects information such as age, race, income, commute time to work, home value, veteran status, and other important data from U.S. households.

Population Targeted

Residents of the United States.

Demographic Data

Age, occupation, sex, residence, education, industry.

Years Collected

Since 1996.

Schedule

Annual.

Geographic Estimates

Data from the 2005 ACS are available for geographic areas with a population of 65,000 or more, including 761 counties, 436 congressional districts, 602 metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, all 50 States, and the District of Columbia. Within 3 years (by 2008), data will be available for all areas of 20,000 or more. For areas of less than 20,000 population, it will take 5 years to accumulate a large enough sample to provide estimates with accuracy similar to the decennial census. Beginning in 2010, and every year thereafter, the Nation will have a 5-year period estimate available, a resource that shows change over time, even for neighborhoods and rural areas.

Contact Information

Agency home page: http://www.census.gov/.

Data system home page: http://www.census.gov/acs/www/index.html.

References

U.S. Census Bureau. Design and Methodology, American Community Survey. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 2006.

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U.S. Census 2000 Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation

Sponsor

U.S. Census Bureau.

Description

The Census 2000 Special EEO Tabulation is a data tool for comparing the race, ethnicity, and sex composition of an organization's internal workforce and the comparable external labor market, within a specified supported geography and job category. The Census Bureau produces the Census 2000 Special EEO file under contract for Federal agencies responsible for monitoring employment practices and enforcing civil rights laws in the workforce, and for all employers so that they may gauge compliance with the EEO regulations.

Mode of Administration

The Census 2000 Special EEO Tabulation is derived from data collected for the 2000 Census.

Primary Content

Data on race and ethnicity cross-tabulated by variables such as occupation, occupational group, sex, worksite geography, residence geography, education, age, and industry.

Population Targeted

Working residents of the United States.

Demographic Data

Age, occupation, sex, residence, education, industry.

Years Collected

1970, 1980, 1990, 2000.

Schedule

Ongoing with each decadal census.

Geographic Estimates

National and State levels. County level is supported for counties of sufficient size to meet Census confidentiality requirements.

Contact Information

Agency home page: http://www.census.gov/.

Data system home page: http://www.census.gov/eeo2000/.

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