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Table 1.56
Deaths per 1,000 pediatric heart surgery admissions, patients under age 18 (excluding obstetric admission; patients with transcatheter interventions as single cardiac procedures, performed without bypass but with catheterization; patients with septal defects as single cardiac procedures without bypass; heart transplant; premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure as only cardiac procedure; and age less than 30 days with PDA closure as only cardiac procedure; transfers to another hospital; patients with unknown disposition; and neonates with a birth weight less than 500 grams), United States, 2003 and 2004
Population group 2004 2003
Ratea Standard error Ratea Standard error
Total   39.2 1.3 63.6 1.8
Age 0-4 39.2 1.4 63.5 1.8
5-9 DSU DSU 53.5 12.8
10-14 45.0 12.2 DSU DSU
15-17 58.0 17.1 129.0 17.1
Gender Male 39.2 1.8 62.5 2.5
Female 39.3 2.0 64.8 2.6
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 58.5 6.2 110.2 8.4
$25,000-$34,999 48.1 2.9 62.9 3.9
$35,000-$44,999 34.8 2.4 54.3 3.3
$45,000 or more 35.7 2.0 65.4 2.7
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 32.5 1.9 67.0 2.4
Metropolitan-small 46.7 2.4 71.1 3.8
Micropolitan 44.6 4.3 48.1 5.0
Noncore 50.4 6.0 38.6 7.0
Expected payment source Private insurance 33.8 1.9 54.6 2.6
Medicare DSU DSU DSU DSU
Medicaid 46.5 2.0 70.6 2.6
Other insurance DSU DSU 78.1 8.6
Uninsured/self-pay/no charge DSU DSU 61.1 10.2
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 34.4 4.4 51.1 4.6
Midwest 40.1 2.5 67.5 3.7
South 45.5 2.1 69.5 2.7
West 27.9 3.0 54.4 4.4
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 37.5 1.5 64.2 2.0
Private, for-profit 41.7 5.3 40.0 8.4
Public 53.0 4.4 68.0 4.9
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 37.6 1.5 59.0 2.1
Non-teaching 45.8 3.0 77.8 3.6
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 35.2 1.6 60.5 2.0
Metropolitan-small 50.0 2.7 78.6 4.4
Micropolitan 106.6 30.3 DSU DSU
Noncore DSU DSU DSU DSU
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 107.4 17.3 61.4 13.3
100-299 34.8 2.1 46.4 3.6
300-499 43.9 3.8 65.4 3.3
500 or more 41.0 2.0 72.2 2.7

a Rates are adjusted by age, gender, diagnosis related group and major diagnostic category groups, and comorbidities, and stratified by the Risk Adjusted classification for Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS).

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2003 and 2004.

 

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