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Table 2.2
Percent of surgical discharges with postoperative pneumonia events, United States, 2004 and 2005a
Population group 2005 2004
Exposed Adverse events Percent Standard error Exposed Adverse events Percent Standard error
Total   5,748 114 1.98 0.18 5,542 110 1.98 0.19
Age Under 65 807 17 2.11 0.51 783 14 1.79 0.47
65-74 2,376 34 1.43 0.24 2,258 32 1.42 0.25
75-84 1,957 48 2.45 0.35 1,932 52 2.69 0.37
85 and over 608 15 2.47 0.63 569 12 2.11 0.60
Gender Male 2,518 62 2.46 0.31 2,446 60 2.45 0.31
Female 3,230 52 1.61 0.22 3,096 50 1.62 0.23
Race White 5,033 100 1.99 0.20 4,922 97 1.97 0.20
Black DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU
Other DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU
Diabetes Yes 1,571 37 2.36 0.38 1,445 41 2.84 0.44
No 4,177 77 1.84 0.21 4,097 69 1.68 0.20
Obesity Yes 691 18 2.60 0.61 649 15 2.31 0.59
No 5,057 96 1.90 0.19 4,893 95 1.94 0.20
Cerebrovascular disease Yes 1,003 38 3.79 0.60 970 33 3.40 0.58
No 4,745 76 1.60 0.18 4,572 77 1.68 0.19
CHF/pulmonary edema Yes 826 36 4.36 0.71 863 47 5.45 0.77
No 4,922 78 1.58 0.18 4,679 63 1.35 0.17
COPD Yes 1,245 44 3.53 0.52 1,220 50 4.10 0.57
No 4,503 70 1.55 0.18 4,322 60 1.39 0.18
Smoking Yes 804 19 2.36 0.54 815 27 3.31 0.63
No 4,944 95 1.92 0.20 4,727 83 1.76 0.19
Cancer Yes DNA DNA DNA DNA 1,556 49 3.15 0.44
No DNA DNA DNA DNA 3,986 61 1.53 0.19
Corticosteroids Yes DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU DSU
No 5,477 104 1.90 0.18 5,309 104 1.96 0.19
Coronary artery disease Yes 2,032 54 2.66 0.36 2,034 63 3.10 0.38
No 3,716 60 1.61 0.21 3,508 47 1.34 0.19
Renal disease Yes 993 41 4.13 0.63 862 39 4.52 0.71
No 4,755 73 1.54 0.18 4,680 71 1.52 0.18

a Data include Medicare beneficiaries discharged from January to December.

DNA - Data have not been analyzed.

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: CHF: congestive heart failure; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System.

 

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