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Table 2.9
Postoperative sepsis per 1,000 elective-surgery discharges with an operating room procedure (excluding patients admitted for infection, patients with cancer or immunocompromised states, obstetric conditions, stays under 4 days, and admissions specifically for sepsis), age 18 and over, United States, 2003 and 2004
Population group 2004 2003
Ratea Standard error Ratea Standard error
Total   10.49 0.09 9.63 0.09
Age 18-44 6.80 0.19 6.32 0.19
45-64 8.72 0.14 7.96 0.14
65 and over 13.16 0.14 12.15 0.14
   65-69 12.06 0.26 10.10 0.26
   70-74 11.23 0.26 10.17 0.25
   75-79 14.63 0.30 13.14 0.29
   80-84 15.19 0.40 16.12 0.40
   85 and over 14.27 0.58 14.35 0.57
Gender Male 13.26 0.15 11.98 0.15
Female 8.57 0.11 8.01 0.11
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 14.92 0.51 11.11 0.47
$25,000-$34,999 11.08 0.20 9.69 0.20
$35,000-$44,999 10.63 0.16 9.78 0.16
$45,000 or more 9.83 0.13 9.39 0.13
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 10.93 0.13 10.38 0.12
Metropolitan-small 9.99 0.17 8.89 0.17
Micropolitan 10.13 0.26 9.41 0.25
Noncore 10.27 0.30 7.90 0.30
Expected payment source Private insurance 8.73 0.16 7.73 0.16
Medicare 11.40 0.12 10.50 0.12
Medicaid 13.52 0.39 12.14 0.39
Other insurance 8.15 0.50 8.24 0.52
Uninsured/self-pay/no charge 9.18 0.61 10.83 0.73
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 10.23 0.21 8.28 0.21
Midwest 9.84 0.18 9.38 0.18
South 11.19 0.14 10.36 0.14
West 10.10 0.23 9.66 0.22
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 10.07 0.10 9.35 0.10
Private, for-profit 13.29 0.24 11.58 0.24
Public 9.94 0.27 9.09 0.28
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 10.89 0.15 10.08 0.15
Non-teaching 10.27 0.11 9.38 0.11
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 11.04 0.12 10.44 0.12
Metropolitan-small 10.06 0.15 8.93 0.15
Micropolitan 8.93 0.33 7.33 0.34
Noncore 8.82 0.67 5.36 0.65
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 9.76 0.32 6.52 0.32
100-299 10.74 0.16 9.43 0.15
300-499 10.03 0.16 9.98 0.16
500 or more 10.94 0.18 10.37 0.17

a Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, and diagnosis related group (DRG) clusters. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender, comorbidities, and DRG clusters; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age, comorbidities, and DRG clusters.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

 

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