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Table 2.11
Postoperative respiratory failure per 1,000 elective surgical discharges with an operating room procedure (excluding patients with respiratory disease, circulatory disease, neuromuscular disorders, obstetric conditions, and admissions specifically for acute respiratory failure), age 18 and over, United States, 2003 and 2004
Population group 2004 2003
Ratea Standard error Ratea Standard error
Total   8.17 0.04 8.58 0.04
Age 18-44 3.60 0.05 3.98 0.05
45-64 7.55 0.06 7.93 0.06
65 and over 12.70 0.08 13.31 0.09
   65-69 10.68 0.15 10.86 0.15
   70-74 10.85 0.15 11.58 0.16
   75-79 13.52 0.18 14.68 0.19
   80-84 15.45 0.23 15.54 0.24
   85 and over 18.10 0.35 19.18 0.37
Gender Male 11.98 0.08 12.51 0.08
Female 6.49 0.05 6.79 0.05
Median income of patient's ZIP Code Less than $25,000 9.35 0.24 9.56 0.24
$25,000-$34,999 8.69 0.09 9.59 0.10
$35,000-$44,999 8.56 0.07 8.44 0.08
$45,000 or more 7.64 0.06 8.25 0.06
Location of patient residence Metropolitan-large 8.23 0.06 8.91 0.06
Metropolitan-small 8.24 0.08 8.40 0.08
Micropolitan 7.56 0.12 7.80 0.12
Noncore 8.39 0.14 8.24 0.15
Expected payment source Private insurance 6.88 0.07 7.38 0.07
Medicare 8.81 0.06 8.99 0.06
Medicaid 11.46 0.19 12.27 0.19
Other insurance 7.30 0.25 9.20 0.26
Uninsured/self-pay/no charge 7.69 0.29 10.43 0.34
Region of inpatient treatment Northeast 8.02 0.10 8.27 0.10
Midwest 8.61 0.08 7.73 0.08
South 8.29 0.07 8.99 0.07
West 7.46 0.09 9.20 0.10
Ownership/control of hospital Private, not-for-profit 7.85 0.05 8.06 0.05
Private, for-profit 8.91 0.12 10.74 0.12
Public 9.49 0.12 9.87 0.13
Teaching status of hospital Teaching 8.79 0.07 8.96 0.07
Non-teaching 7.83 0.05 8.38 0.05
Location of hospital Metropolitan-large 8.36 0.06 9.10 0.06
Metropolitan-small 8.40 0.07 8.33 0.07
Micropolitan 6.40 0.14 6.45 0.15
Noncore 5.80 0.29 6.18 0.30
Bed size of hospital Less than 100 5.80 0.14 5.84 0.14
100-299 7.68 0.07 8.35 0.07
300-499 8.80 0.07 8.83 0.08
500 or more 8.88 0.08 9.68 0.09

a Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, and diagnosis related group (DRG) clusters. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender, comorbidities, and DRG clusters; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age, comorbidities, and DRG clusters.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2003 and 2004.

 

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