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Table 2.18
Percent of discharges with central venous catheter placement with associated bloodstream infections or mechanical adverse events, United States, 2004 and 2005a
Population group 2005 2004
Exposed Adverse events Percent Standard error Exposed Adverse events Percent Standard error
Total   2,969 122 4.11 0.36 2576 76 3.0 0.3
Age Under 65 641 28 4.37 0.81 524 18 3.4 0.8
65-74 982 38 3.87 0.62 905 22 2.4 0.5
75-84 989 38 3.84 0.61 847 30 3.5 0.6
85 and over 357 18 5.04 1.16 DSU DSU DSU DSU
Gender Male 1,361 50 3.67 0.51 1205 35 2.9 0.5
Female 1,608 72 4.48 0.52 1371 41 3.0 0.5
Race White 2,396 92 3.84 0.39 2068 57 2.8 0.4
Black 397 23 5.79 1.17 368 14 3.8 1.0
Other 176 7 3.98 1.47 DSU DSU DSU DSU
Diabetes Yes 1,184 52 4.39 0.60 1052 39 3.7 0.6
No 1,785 70 3.92 0.46 1524 37 2.4 0.4
Obesity Yes 534 17 3.18 0.76 459 12 2.6 0.7
No 2,435 105 4.31 0.41 2117 64 3.0 0.4
Cerebrovascular disease Yes 717 25 3.49 0.69 627 19 3.0 0.7
No 2,252 97 4.31 0.43 1949 57 2.9 0.4
CHF/pulmonary edema Yes 1,062 52 4.90 0.66 978 36 3.7 0.6
No 1,907 70 3.67 0.43 1598 40 2.5 0.4
COPD Yes 966 38 3.93 0.63 847 23 2.7 0.6
No 2,003 84 4.19 0.45 1729 53 3.1 0.4
Smoking Yes 446 20 4.48 0.98 463 19 4.1 0.9
No 2,503 102 4.08 0.40 2113 57 2.7 0.4
Cancer Yes DNA DNA DNA DNA 775 24 3.1 0.6
No DNA DNA DNA DNA 1801 52 2.9 0.4
Corticosteroids Yes 287 9 3.14 1.03 DSU DSU DSU DSU
No 2,682 113 4.21 0.39 2306 70 3.0 0.4
Coronary artery disease Yes 1,469 60 4.08 0.52 1376 41 3.0 0.5
No 1,500 62 4.13 0.51 1200 35 2.9 0.5
Renal disease Yes 1,217 60 4.93 0.62 974 41 4.2 0.6
No 1,752 62 3.54 0.44 1602 35 2.2 0.4

a Data include Medicare beneficiaries discharged from January to December.

DNA - Data have not been analyzed.

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: CHF: congestive heart failure; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System.

 

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