Public Health Emergency Preparedness
This resource was part of AHRQ's Public Health Emergency Preparedness program, which was discontinued on June 30, 2011, in a realignment of Federal efforts.
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Personal Protective Equipment, Decontamination, Isolation/Quarantine, and
Bioterrorism and Other Public Health Emergencies
Tools and Models for Planning and Preparedness
The emergency preparedness models in this report can help field- and facility-based
health care professionals plan for and respond to bioterrorism events or public
health emergencies. The evidence-based, best-practice
models provide guidance on personal protective equipment, decontamination,
isolation/quarantine, and laboratory capacity. The models were developed for
the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) by Science Applications
International Corporation (SAIC).
Select for Download Information.
Of potential interest to emergency responders and health care professionals is a practical application for care of contaminated or infectious victims or first responders. In addition, a separate ready-to-use Mass Casualty Detailed Decontamination Model for calculating decontamination throughput and decontamination site staffing is available from SAIC. (Select for information on how to request this model.) The models also give guidance on handling laboratory surge capacity and effective isolation or quarantine methods.
Sample contents of the four models follow.
Personal Protective Equipment
Personal Protective Equipment
- Detailed descriptions and comparisons of the classes of personal protective equipment.
- Guidelines for facilities to use to develop a best-practices model for choosing and using personal protective equipment.
- A succinct summary of guidelines for selecting personal protective equipment.
- Regulatory requirements and sources of guidance on issues surrounding decontamination of patients in healthcare facilities.
- A four-method approach to decontamination.
- Detailed procedures for decontamination.
- Guidelines for developing a best-practices model for decontamination.
- Gaps and shortfalls to be overcome in current systems for isolation and quarantine.
- Guidelines for developing a best-practices model for isolation and quarantine.
- Definitions of biosafety levels in laboratories.
- Background on the Laboratory Response Network established to standardize laboratory procedures across the country and formalize a network to respond to biological and chemical terrorism.
- Laboratory surge capacity and biosecurity issues.
- Issues surrounding how to handle an unknown sample.
- Guidelines for developing a best-practices model for laboratory preparedness and capacity.
These topics and many more are covered in this report, which was prepared under contract to AHRQ by SAIC.
Note: This model is designed to perform on a computer with Microsoft® Access 2000 or later.
Accessibility Notice: This model is not resident on a Government Web site and therefore does not comply with the requirements for Federal information resources under Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act.
Development of Models for Emergency Preparedness
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Current as of August 2005
AHRQ Publication No. 05-0099