2011 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports
|Median income of patient's ZIP Code|
|Total||First quartile (lowest income)||Second quartile||Third quartile||Fourth quartile (highest income)|
a. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Patient Safety Indicators (PSI) software requires that the respiratory failure be reported as a secondary diagnosis (rather than the principal diagnosis), but unlike the AHRQ PSI software, the secondary diagnosis could be present on admission.� In addition, the tracheostomy is not verifiable as following surgery.� Excludes admissions with respiratory disease, circulatory disease, craniofacial anomalies, or neuromuscular disorders; obstetric admissions; and admissions in which the tracheostomy is the only operating room procedure.
b. Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, major diagnostic category (MDC), diagnosis-related group (DRG), and transfers into the hospital.� The AHRQ PSI software was modified to not use the present on admission (POA) indicators (or estimates of the likelihood of POA for secondary diagnosis).
Key: SE: standard error.
Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample and AHRQ Quality Indicators, modified version 4.1.