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2011 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports

The National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) is a comprehensive national overview of quality of health care in the United States. It is organized around four dimensions of quality of care: effectiveness, patient safety, timeliness, and patient centeredness.

Table 8_3_1.1_2b
People with current asthma who are now taking preventive medicine daily or almost daily (either oral or inhaler), by ethnicity,a United States, 2008
  TotalAll racesWhiteBlackHispanic, all races
Population groupPercentSEPercentSEPercentSEPercentSEPercentSE
65 and over46.34.344.74.546.45.2DSUDSUDSUDSU
Family incomebNegative/poor23.
Near poor/low24.
Education,c age 18 and overLess than high school25.62.525.62.926.83.822.24.326.34.4
High school graduate27.
At least some college26.
Employment status, ages 18-64Employed21.61.721.81.823.
Not employed�
Health insurance, under age 65Any private24.91.725.31.726.
Public only23.
Health insurance, age 65 and overMedicare onlyDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSU
Medicare and private47.96.4DSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSU
Residence locationdMetropolitan26.51.427.01.529.
  Large central metro25.
  Large fringe metro30.02.630.42.933.53.413.93.3DSUDSU
  Medium metro23.12.923.
  Small metro27.83.728.13.928.74.5DSUDSUDSUDSU
Language spoken most often at homeEnglish25.71.326.21.327.91.620.
Perceived health statusExcellent/very good/good24.11.424.71.526.71.815.
Activity limitations,d age 18 and overBasic activities26.22.526.42.626.23.0DSUDSUDSUDSU
Complex activities31.
Neither basic nor complex activities25.01.625.21.727.
U.S. bornYes25.

a. Estimates are age adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population using four age groups: 0-17, 18-44, 45-64, and 65 and over.

b. Negative/poor refers to household incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.

c. Less than high school refers to fewer than 12 years of education; high school graduate, 12 years of education; and at least some college, more than 12 years of education.

d. For more information, see the MEPS entry in Appendix B: Detailed Methods.

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Financing, Access, and Cost Trends, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.


Page last reviewed October 2014
Internet Citation: T8_3_1_1_2b: 2011 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.


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