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Research Activities

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July 2006, No. 311


About Research Activities

Feature Story

NICU babies are frequently at risk for misidentification

Patient Safety and Quality

Work hour limits improve residents' quality of life, but not their satisfaction with their medical education
Surgeons vary widely in their approaches to disclosing medical errors to their patients
Doctors often fail to order laboratory monitoring when elderly HMO outpatients begin cardiovascular medications
High-quality/low-cost hospital performance is linked to organizational characteristics and market forces
Medications to prevent blood clots after major orthopedic surgery are underused, especially in Japanese patients
Physicians appear to be driven more by professional standards of quality than financial incentives
Researchers compare two widely used data sources to examine hospital nurse staffing

Disparities/Minority Health

Blacks and Hispanics receive worse care than whites, yet rate their interactions with health care providers more positively
Treatment of black adults with diabetes and depression insured through Medicaid raises quality concerns

Child/Adolescent Health

A pediatric oncology model can help guide decisionmaking relationships between clinicians, parents, and children
Puerto Rican children are diagnosed with asthma more often than other children
Aggressive Medicaid and SCHIP outreach programs are needed to enroll Latino children
Enrollment in New York's State Children's Health Insurance Program improves asthma care quality and access

Health Information Technology

Parental use of a kiosk in the emergency department has the potential to improve asthma care
Computerized prescribing may reduce some harmful medication errors, but can introduce new errors

Men's Health

Androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer causes only modest depression and other side effects

Elderly/Long-term Care

Greater use of agency nurses in nursing homes may lead to poorer quality of care
Patients with the poorest functioning after a stroke benefit the most from followup therapy

Primary Care Research

Primary care of patients with type 2 diabetes can be improved

Emergency Medicine

Paramedic errors in lifesaving endotracheal intubation may be a symptom of larger emergency medical system problems
Studies examine Federal support and ways to measure available resources for emergency medical services in rural areas

Access to Care

Reductions in primary and preventive care use under Medicaid primary care case management are more dramatic for minority children
Physicians who are dissatisfied with their profession are two to three times more likely to leave medicine than satisfied doctors

Health Care Costs and Financing

Some adults with diabetes face high health care expenditures
Workers who have health insurance are less likely to miss work than uninsured workers

Acute Care/Hospitalization

Collaboration of hospitalists/attending physicians and nurse practitioners can reduce hospital stays and increase profit

Agency News and Notes

Hospital copayments are required of more workers
Where Americans work affects the cost of their health insurance plan


New asthma care resource guide offers help to States
Research Briefs

Current as of July 2006
AHRQ Publication No. 06-0066

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