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Research Activities

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May 2006, No. 309


Contents

About Research Activities

Feature Story

Electronic medication alerts reduce inappropriate prescribing of warfarin with interacting drugs

Health Information Technology

Computerized prescribing alerts can be designed to be widely accepted by primary care clinicians
Many primary care doctors still do not use electronic antibiotic prescribing for acute infections

Disparities/Minority Health

Nurse-anchored practice-based research centers help address health disparities
Medicaid may reduce racial/ethnic differences in preventable hospitalizations, but Medicaid managed care adds no extra benefit
Ethnicity, age, and living arrangements affect the use of assistive devices by people with impaired mobility

Child/Adolescent Health

Parents of children with special health care needs identify multiple barriers to accessing care for their children
Medicaid managed care plans with case management programs may benefit children with disabilities more than fee-for-service plans

Patient Safety and Quality

AHRQ's health care quality and disparities reports can help nurse leaders make key decisions about quality and patient safety

Gender-based Research

Researchers examine gender disparities in the quality of preventive care and management of heart disease and diabetes

Elderly/Long-term Care

Nursing homes that emphasize team effort and staff flexibility are more likely to sustain improvements in quality of care
Nursing home working conditions are linked to care performance
Greater Medicare HMO penetration is associated with a shift in elderly stroke deaths from hospital to non-hospital settings
Improved recognition and treatment of emotional problems may indirectly improve the elderly's use of preventive care

Outcomes/Effectiveness Research

Studies connect patient satisfaction with back pain outcomes

Primary Care Research

One of every five medications approved for certain diagnoses are prescribed by office-based physicians for other conditions
Primary care doctors often fail to prescribe "controller medications" for asthma patients after an emergency room visit
Disadvantaged groups infected with hepatitis C can be effectively treated when health care providers collaborate

Pharmaceutical Research

Physician compliance with medication black box warnings is mixed

Health Care Costs and Financing

Study examines national trends in the costs of bariatric surgery
Employers are least likely to offer insurance coverage for preventive care services that provide the financial return they seek

Acute Care/Hospitalization

Multidisciplinary physician/nurse practitioner teams can reduce the costs of hospital care while maintaining care quality
The recommended dose of intravenous morphine does not control severe acute pain in patients presenting to the emergency department
Accidental lung puncture is a substantial threat to hospitalized patients undergoing a wide range of procedures
Preoperative risk factors and surgical complexity are more predictive of hospital costs than postoperative complications

Agency News and Notes

One of every 10 women and men has a diagnosed cardiovascular disease
One-third of all patients admitted to the Nation's community hospitals are elderly

Announcements

AHRQ expands the therapeutics education and research network
AHRQ releases pay-for-performance decision guide
Business coalitions join AHRQ to improve the quality of diabetes care
Transition to electronic submission of grant applications continues at AHRQ
Research Briefs

Current as of May 2006
AHRQ Publication No. 06-0042

The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.

 

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