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Research Activities

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October 1995, No. 188


About Research Activities

Feature Story

System and equipment changes could reduce hospital medication errors


Family Health
   Researchers compare pregnancy management styles of residents in obstetrics and family medicine
   Low-dose aspirin does not increase the risk of placental detachment or infant death
   Childbirth PORT examines best ways to manage breech births
   Threat of malpractice suits has little effect on birth outcomes
   Economic solutions alone with not improve the health of socially disadvantaged children
   One-third of families agree to donate organs, tissues, or corneas when loved ones die

Medical Effectiveness/Outcomes Research
   Switching health insurance plans may disrupt care for depressed patients
   Patient preferences and symptom severity should guide angina treatment

Health Care Costs and Financing
   Community program to limit hospital budgets restrained overall hospital costs, but at a price to individual hospitals
   Hospital mergers in the 1980s often resulted in conversion of acute services to other functions

Minority/Rural Health
   Minority children receive fewer medications than white children
   Racial variation found in use of community services by elderly rural residents
   Rural Nebraskans have at least as much access to health care as their urban counterparts

HIV/AIDS Research
   Limited access to care affects quality of life more than some physical symptoms for poor HIV-infected persons
   Satisfaction with outpatient AIDS care differs among patient groups

Clinical Practice Guidelines
   AHCPR releases cardiac rehabilitation guideline

   New projects funded
   New publications available from AHCPR and NTIS

Research Briefs
   Methods of randomized controlled clinical trials in health services research
   Comparison of a generic and a disease-specific measure of pain and physical function after knee replacement surgery
   Biofeedback therapy in poststroke rehabilitation: A meta-analysis of the randomized controlled trials
   The influence of socioeconomic status on change in health status after hospitalization
   Selecting a patient characteristics index for the prediction of medical outcomes using administrative claims data
   Concurrent validity of administering the geriatric depression scale and the physical functioning dimension of the SIP by telephone
   A proposal for a national mammography database: Content, purpose, and value

AHCPR Publication No. 96-0010
Current as of October 1995

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