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Pediatric Terrorism and Disaster Preparedness

Public Health Emergency Preparedness

This resource was part of AHRQ's Public Health Emergency Preparedness program, which was discontinued on June 30, 2011, in a realignment of Federal efforts.

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Figure 6.2. Environmental Exposure Pathway

Figure shows a nuclear explosion, with an arrow pointing to the grass to indicate contamination from fallout. A cow eats the contaminated grass; a arrow leads from the cow to images of a carton and glass full of milk, and another arrow leads from the milk to two children.

Note: Radioactive particles produced from a terrorist event travel to pastures as fallout. If the fallout contains radioactive iodine, some of it eaten by the cow would be passed into the cow's milk. Consumption of contaminated fresh milk must be controlled during the first few weeks of an emergency. However, products made with contaminated milk, e.g., cheeses and canned milk, which can be stored for several months, may then be consumed safely.

Source: Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute.

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