Skip Navigation U.S. Department of Health and Human Services www.hhs.gov
Agency for Healthcare Research Quality www.ahrq.gov
Archive print banner
Pediatric Terrorism and Disaster Preparedness

Public Health Emergency Preparedness

This resource was part of AHRQ's Public Health Emergency Preparedness program, which was discontinued on June 30, 2011, in a realignment of Federal efforts.

This information is for reference purposes only. It was current when produced and may now be outdated. Archive material is no longer maintained, and some links may not work. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing this information should contact us at: https://info.ahrq.gov. Let us know the nature of the problem, the Web address of what you want, and your contact information.

Please go to www.ahrq.gov for current information.

Table 7.2. Spectrum of Primary Blast Injury on Body Systems

System Injuries
Respiratory Pulmonary contusion
Pulmonary hemorrhage
Respiratory failure
Stripped-epithelium lesion
Alveolo-venous fistula
Bronchopleural fistula
Pneumothorax
Traumatic emphysema
Air embolism
Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Gastrointestinal (GI) GI hemorrhage
GI perforation
Spleen or liver hemorrhage or rupture
Retroperitoneal hemorrhage
Tunica albuginea (testis) hemorrhage
Auditory Tympanic membrane rupture
Ossicular chain disruption
Cochlear nerve injury
Labyrinthine fistula
Perilymphatic fistula
Circulatory Coronary embolism
Myocardial contusion
Thrombosis/disseminated intravascular coagulation
Central nervous system (CNS) Cerebral air embolism
Retinal artery embolism

Source: Sharpnack DD, Johnson AJ, Phillips Y. The Pathology of Primary Blast Injury. In: Bellamy RF, Zajtchuk R, eds. Conventional Warfare: Ballistics, Blasts, and Burn Injuries. Washington, DC: Office of the Surgeon General of the U.S. Army; 1991: 271-94

Return to Document

 

The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.

 

AHRQ Advancing Excellence in Health Care