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Research Activities

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September 2001, No. 253



Contents

About Research Activities

Feature Story

Two-thirds of elderly stroke survivors in nursing homes are not receiving medication to prevent further strokes

Pharmaceutical Research

ACE inhibitors, when included in an antihypertensive regimen, slow progression of nondiabetic renal disease
Generalists tend to be more cautious than cardiologists in their use of drugs for heart attack patients
One-third of elderly home health care patients are having problems with their medications

Clinical Decisionmaking

Men aged 50 to 75 should be advised about PSA testing so they can make an informed decision
New risk index can identify elderly people at increased risk for death within a year after hospital discharge

Women's Health

Doctors should consider antibiotic treatment for women with tenderness suggesting pelvic inflammatory disease
Nonprofit women's health centers better serve poor and vulnerable women than for-profit centers
Homeless women frequently have gynecological problems

Children's Health

Few children with persistent asthma use controller medications that can reduce ER visits and hospitalizations
Tube otorrhea is a common and often recurrent problem in children who have undergone tube placement for otitis media
Researchers examine the available evidence on effective management of otitis media in children

Outcomes/Effectiveness Research

Researchers examine use of acupuncture, surgery, and imaging tests in treating back pain patients

Health Care Costs and Financing

Researchers examine hospital costs for CABG surgery
Reducing Medicaid benefits or restricting eligibility would disproportionately affect nursing home stays of elderly blacks
Costs for end-of-life care are only slightly higher for those who die than for survivors with similar characteristics

Medical Liability

No-fault approaches to medical injury may improve care quality over the current malpractice litigation environment

HIV/AIDS Research

Highly active antiretroviral therapy has extended AIDS-free survival time for some patients

Announcements

AHRQ publishes evidence report summaries on breast disease and three other topics
New MEPS reports are now available from AHRQ
AHRQ funds new projects

Research Briefs

Current as of September 2001
AHRQ Publication No. 01-0046

AHRQ Advancing Excellence in Health Care