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Medical Examination and Treatment for Victims of Sexual Assault

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Appendix A (continued)

Domestic Violence

1. Ales B. Community collaboration: The nursing administrator's role in implementing a child abuse prevention program. J Nurs Admin 1998 Jun;28(6):43-8.

2. Allert CS, Chalkley C, Whitney JR, et al. Domestic violence: efficacy of health provider training in Utah. Prehospital Disaster Med 1997 Jan-Mar;12(1):52-6.

3. Alpert ET, Seeherman A, Holtz H. Family violence curricula in U.S. medical schools. Am J Prevent Med 1998;14(4):273-82.

4. American Academy of Pediatrics. The role of the pediatrician in recognizing and intervening on behalf of abused women. Am Acad Pediatr 1998 Jun;101(6):1-5.

5. American Association of Colleges of Nursing. Violence as a public health problem. American Association of Colleges of Nursing;1999.

6. American Association of Health Plans/Commonwealth Fund. Best practices in women's health: identifying exemplary care—Domestic violence. Washington, DC: American Association of Health Plans. 1-13.

7. American Association of Health Plans/Commonwealth Fund. Advancing women's health: health plan innovative programs in domestic violence; 1998.

8. American College of Emergency Physicians. List of key elements of family violence protocols. 1993-4 Emergency Medicine Practice Committee Subcommittee on Key Elements of Domestic Violence Protocols. Available at: www.acep.org.

9. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Domestic violence: the role of the physician in identification, intervention, and prevention—a slide lecture presentation. Washington, DC: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 1995.

10. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: a guide for clinicians. Washington, DC: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; 2000.

11. American College of Physicians/American Society of Internal Medicine. Medical knowledge self-assessment program: MKSAP 12—Ambulatory Medicine. American College of Physicians/American Society of Internal Medicine. 2001.

12. American College of Physicians/American Society of Internal Medicine. Voices of survivors: domestic violence survivors educate physicians [videotape]. American College of Physicians/American Society of Internal Medicine.

13. American Medical Association. Diagnostic and treatment guidelines on domestic violence. Chicago: American Medical Association;1992.

14. American Medical Association. Prevention of Violence and Abuse Resolution (419). Available at: www.ama-assn.org; 2000.

15. American Osteopathic Association. Domestic, family and school violence education; adopted by the House of Delegates of the American Osteopathic Association (originally in 1991; revised 1996, 2001).

16. American Osteopathic Association. Violence—development of programs to reduce; adopted by the House of Delegates of the American Osteopathic Association (originally in 1991; revised 1996, 2001).

17. American Physical Therapy Association. Excerpts from American Physical Therapy Association's Guidelines for recognizing and providing care for victims of domestic abuse. Phys Ther 1998;6(10):81-2, 84.

18. Anderson D, Harris M, McCosker H. Violence against women: an education program for rural community health workers. Aust J Rural Health 1997;5(1):17-21.

19. Brannen SJ, Bradshaw RD, Hamlin ER, et al. Spouse abuse: physician guidelines to identification, diagnosis, and management in the uniformed services. Mil Med 1999 Jan;164(1):30-6.

20. Building Alliances: A guide for health care providers. RIRCC. United Healthcare;1996. p. 1-24.

21. Bullock K. Domestic violence training at an inner-city hospital found helpful. J Emerg Nurs 1997 Aug;23(4):299-300.

22. Burke B. Domestic violence protocol. Excerpt from domestic violence handbook. Pittsburgh: Women's Center and Shelter of Greater Pittsburgh and Mercy Hospital.

23. Callaghan J. Elder abuse and one community's response. Int J Health Care Quality Assurance Inc Leadersh Health Serv 1998;11(2-3):vi-xi.

24. Camaratta FF, Fenstermaker J, Hoffman AJ, et al. Elder abuse and the physical therapist. Issues on Aging 2000;23(1):9-12.

25. California Medical Training Center. Advanced training in domestic violence for healthcare providers. Training Course and Manual. Available at: web.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/medtrng/training/events.html. Sacramento, CA.

26. California Medical Training Center. Forensic examination for victims of domestic violence. Available at: web.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/medtrng/training/events.html. Sacramento, CA.

27. California Medical Training Center. Improving the healthcare response to violence. web.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/medtrng/training/events.html. Sacramento, CA; 1999.

28. Capezuti E, Siegler EL. Educating health and social service professionals in the detection and management of mistreated nursing home residents. J Elder Abuse Negl 1996;8(3):73-86.

29. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Family & intimate violence prevention program training activities. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; 2000.

30. Chamberlain LP, Perham-Hester KA. Physicians' screening practices for female partner abuse during prenatal visits. Matern Child Health J 2000;4(2):141-8.

31. Chelmowski M, Autry A, Fullin K, et al. Domestic violence: Horizon Healthcare—Private Nonprofit Organization; 1997 Oct.

32. Chez RH, Horan DL. Response of obstetrics and gynecology program directors to a domestic violence lecture module. Am J Obstetr Gynecol 1999 Feb;180 (2 Pt 1):496-8.

33. Clarke ME, Pierson W. Management of elder abuse in the emergency department. Emerg Med Clin North Am 1999 Aug;17(3):631-44.

34. Cole TB. Is domestic violence screening helpful? JAMA 2000 Aug;284(5):551-3.

35. Commonwealth Fund. Addressing domestic violence and its consequences: policy report of the Commonwealth Fund Commission on Women's Health; 1998 Feb.

36. Coonrod DV, Bay RC, Rowley BD, et al. A randomized controlled study of brief interventions to teach residents about domestic violence. Acad Med 2000 Jan;75(1):55-7.

37. Cowley S, Rush J, Lenton L, et al. Care of the abused woman. Health Progress 1996 Mar-Apr;77(2):26-9.

38. Culross PL. Health care system responses to children exposed to domestic violence. Future Child 1999 Win;9(3):111-21.

39. Currier GW, Barthaeur LM, Begier E, et al. Training and experience of psychiatric residents in identifying domestic violence. Psychiatr Serv 1996;47(5):529-30.

40. Davenport S. Domestic violence policy and procedure. Carondelet Health Network. Tucson: St. Mary's Hospital;1996. p. 1-9.

41. DeLahunta ET. Resistance to adding curricula about domestic violence. Acad Med 1998 Jul;73(7):726-7.

42. Dienemann J, Trautman D, Shahan J, et al. Developing a domestic violence program in an inner city academic health center emergency department: the first 3 years. J Emerg Nurs 1999 Apr;25(2):110-5.

43. Eisenstat SA, Bancroft L. Domestic violence. N Engl J Med 1999 Sep;341(12):886-92.

44. Emergency Nurse Association. Domestic violence & child maltreatment. Position Statement. Available at: www.ena.org/services/posistate/data/tresex.htm.

45. Ernst AA, Houry D, Weiss SJ, et al. Domestic violence awareness in a medical school class: 2-year follow-up. South Med J 2000 Aug;93(8):772-6.

46. Family Violence Prevention Fund. Catalog of training and education materials on domestic violence. Available at: www.fvpf.org.

47. Family Violence Prevention Fund. Identifying and responding to domestic violence: consensus recommendations for child adolescent health. U.S. Department of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime; 2002 Sep.

48. Family Violence Prevention Fund. Improving health care response to domestic violence: a resource manual for health care providers. Available at: www.fvpf.org. San Francisco, CA.

49. Family Violence Prevention Fund. Improving health care response to domestic violence: a training manual for health care providers. Available at: www.fvpf.org. San Francisco, CA.

50. Family Violence Prevention Fund. Preventing domestic violence: clinical guidelines on routine screening. Available at: www.fvpf.org.; 1999 Oct. p. 1-25.

51. Family Violence Prevention Fund. State-by-state report card on health care laws and domestic violence; Aug 2000. p. 1-58.

52. Fanslow JL, Norton RN, Robinson EM. One year follow-up of an emergency department protocol for abused women. Aust N Z J Public Health 1999;23(4):418-21.

53. Fanslow JL, Norton R, Robinson EM, et al. Outcome evaluation of an emergency department protocol of care on partner abuse. Aust N Z J Public Health 1998;22(5):598-603.

54. Fazzone PA, Holton JK, Reed BG, et al. Substance abuse treatment and domestic violence: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Association;1997.

55. Flitcraft A. Project SAFE: domestic violence education for practicing physicians. Womens Health Issues 1995 Win;5(4):183-8.

56. Freeman J. Old law, new bite mandatory abuse training. J Iowa Med Soc 2000 Mar-Apr;90(15):15.

57. Gantt L, Bickford A. Screening for domestic violence: how one hospital network started asking about abuse. AWHONN Lifelines 1999 Apr-May;3(2):36-42.

58. Gerbert BM, Caspers N, Bronstone, et al. A qualitative analysis of how physicians with expertise in domestic violence approach the identification of victims. Ann Intern Med 1999 Oct;131(8):578-84.

59. Gerbert BM, Moe J, Caspers N, et al. Simplifying physicians' response to domestic violence. West J Med 2000 May;172: 329-31.

60. Glass N, Campbell JC. Mandatory reporting of intimate partner violence by health care professionals: a policy review. Nurs Outlook 1998 Nov-Dec;46(6):279-83. Review.

61. Haack D. Suggested protocols for victims of spousal and elder abuse. A task force reference document for Colorado hospitals. Denver: Colorado Department of Health;1996. p. 1-10.

62. Haase CS, Short PD, Chapman DM, et al. Domestic violence education in medical school: does it make a difference? Acad Emerg Med 1999 Aug;6(8):855-7.

63. Hadley SS, Lezin N, Zook E: An innovative model of health care response to domestic abuse. Womens Health Issues 1995;5(4):189-98.

64. Hadley SM. Documentation in the medical record of potential cases of domestic violence. Excerpt from: "WomanKind Policies and Procedures." Minneapolis: Fairview Health Services;1995. p. 1-7.

65. Harwell TS, Casten RJ, Armstrong KA, et al. Results of a domestic violence training program offered to the staff of urban community health centers. Am J Prevent Med 1998 Oct;15(3):235-42.

66. Horan DL, Chapin J, Klein L, et al. Domestic violence screening practices of obstetricians-gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol 1998 Nov;92(5):785-9.

67. Hotch D, Grunfeld A, Mackay K, et al. Improving your health care facility's response to domestic violence: objectives and expectations. Excerpt from: "Domestic Violence Intervention By Emergency Department Staff." Vancouver, B.C.: Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre. p. 1-4.

68. Hotch D, Grunfeld A, Mackay K, et al. Policy and procedures for domestic violence patients in Canadian emergency departments: a national survey. J Emerg Nurs 1996 Aug;22(4):278-82.

69. Houry D, Feldhaus KM, Nyquist SR, et al. Emergency department documentation in cases of intentional assault. Ann Emerg Med 1999 Dec;34(6):715-9.

70. Houry D, Sachs CJ, Feldhaus KM, Linden J. Violence-inflicted injuries: reporting laws in the fifty states. Ann Emerg Med 2002 Jan;39(1):56-60.

71. Hoyt CA. Evidence recognition and collection in the clinical setting. Crit Care Nurs Quarterly 1999 May;22(1):19-26.

72. Isaac NE, Enos P. Medical records as legal evidence of domestic violence. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice 1997. p. 1-76.

73. Johnson C. Handling the hurt: physical therapy and domestic violence. Phys Ther 1997;5(1):52-60.

74. Jonassen JA, Pugnaire MP, Mazor K, et al. The effect of a domestic violence interclerkship on the knowledge, attitudes, and skills of third-year medical students. Acad Med 1999 Jul;74(7):821-8.

75. Kingston P, Penhale B, Bennett G. Is elder abuse on the curriculum? The relative contribution of child abuse, domestic violence and elder abuse in social work, nursing and medicine qualifying curricula. Health Soc Care Community 1995;3(6):353-62.

76. Knight RA, Remington PL. Training internal medicine residents to screen for domestic violence. J Womens Health Gend Based Med 2000;9(2):167-74.

77. Konchak PS. Domestic violence: a primer for the primary care physician. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1998 Dec;98(12):S11-S14.

78. Kripke E, Steele G, O'Brien MK, et al. Domestic violence training program for residents. J Gen Intern Med 1998 Dec;13(12):839-41.

79. Krueger PM, Schafer S. Physician awareness of domestic violence: does continuing medical education have an impact? J Am Osteopath Assoc 2000 Mar;100(3):145-8.

80. Lanzilotti SS, Jones P, Dai J, et al. EMS & the domestic violence patient: a report card of existing policy, protocol & training. J Emerg Med Serv 1999 Jun;24(6):58-66.

81. Larkin GL, Rolniak S, Hyman KB, et al. Effect of an administrative intervention on rates of screening for domestic violence in an urban emergency department. Am J Public Health 2000 Sep;90(9):1444-8.

82. Lawrence LL, Brannen SJ. The impact of physician training on child maltreatment reporting: a multi-specialty study. Mil Med 2000 Aug;165(8):607-11.

83. Limandri BJ, Tilden VP. Nurses' reasoning in the assessment of family violence. Image J Nurs Sch 1996 Fall;28(3):247-52.

84. Limbos MP, Berkowitz CD. Documentation of child physical abuse: how far have we come? Pediatrics 1998 Jul;102(1):53-8.

85. Lo Vecchio F, Bhatia A, Sciallo D. Screening for domestic violence in the emergency department. Eur J Emerg Med 1998 Dec;5(4):441-4.

86. MacMillan HL, MacMillan J, Offord DR. Primary prevention of child maltreatment: Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care; Jan 1993.

87. Markin DA. Fighting the "silent epidemic." Hospital launches comprehensive program against domestic violence. Health Prog 1996 Mar-Apr;77(2):30-3.

88. Martin S, Rodriguez M, Lee D, et al. San Francisco domestic violence health care protocol. San Francisco: San Francisco Family Violence Council's Health Care Committee;1997 June. p. 1-11, Appendix A-I.

89. McCauley J, Kern DE, Kolodner K, et al. The "battering syndrome:" prevalence and clinical characteristics of domestic violence in primary care internal medicine practices. Ann Intern Med 1995 Nov;123: 737-46.

90. McCracken L. Living Forensics: A natural evolution in emergency care. Accid Emerg Nurs 1999 Oct;7(4):211-16.

91. McFarlane J, Gondolf E. Preventing abuse during pregnancy: a clinical protocol. Am J Matern Child Nurs 1998 Jan-Feb;23(1):22-6.

92. McGrath ME, Hogan JW, Peipert JF. A prevalence survey of abuse and screening for abuse in urgent care patients. Obstet Gynecol 1998 Apr;91(4):511-4.

93. Moore ML, Zaccaro D, Parsons LH. Attitudes and practices of registered nurses toward women who have experienced abuse/domestic violence. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 1998 Mar-Apr;27(2):175-82.

94. Morrison LJ, Allan R, Grunfeld A. Improving the emergency department detection rate of domestic violence using direct questioning. J Emerg Med 2000 Aug;19(2):117-24.

95. Mouden LD. The role for dental professionals in preventing child abuse and neglect. J Calif Dent Assoc 1998 Oct;26(10):737-39, 41-3.

96. Myers JL. Workshop effectiveness: nurses as witnesses in court cases involving physical child abuse. J Nurs Law 1996;3(2):35-44.

97. Olson L, Anctil C, Fullerton L, et al. Increasing emergency physician recognition of domestic violence. Ann Emerg Med 1996 Jun;27(6):741-6.

98. Oriel KA, Fleming MF. Screening men for partner violence in a primary care setting. J Fam Pract 1998 June;46(6):493-8.

99. Osatlin A, Short LM. Intimate partner violence and sexual assault: a guide to training materials and programs for health care providers. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Protection and Control; 1998.

100. Parish B, Boroditsky RS, Halifax NS, et al. Violence against women policy statement. Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Clinical Practice Guidelines. Canada: Social and Sexual Issues Committee of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; 1996 Mar. p. 1-8.

101. Payne MR. Self-study modules help health care professionals recognize and prevent abuse. NLN Update 1996 Oct;2(4):7.

102. Physicians for a Violence-Free Society. PVS abuse assessment response course: systems approach to partner violence across the life span—a train the trainer course.

103. Roberts GL, Raphael B, Lawrence JM, et al. Impact of an education program about domestic violence on nurses and doctors in an Australian emergency department. J Emerg Nurs 1997 Jun;23(3):220-7.

104. Rodriguez MA, Craig AM, Mooney D, et al. Patient attitudes about mandatory reporting of domestic violence implications for health care professionals. West J Med 1998 Dec;169(6):337-41.

105. Rodriguez MA, Bauer HM, McLoughlin E, et al. Screening and intervention for intimate Partner abuse: practices and attitudes of primary care physicians. JAMA 1999 Aug;282(5):468-74.

106. Ross MM, Hoff LA, Coutu-Wakulczyk G. Nursing curricula and violence issues. J Nurs Educ 1998 Feb;37(2):53-60.

107. Role of victims' services in improving intimate partner violence screening by trained maternal and child health-care providers— Boston, Massachusetts, 1994-1995. JAMA 2000 Mar;283(12):1559-60.

108. Rovi S, Mouton CP. Domestic violence education in family practice residencies. Fam Med 1999 Jun;31(6):398-403.

109. Rupp RP. Conditions to be considered in the differential diagnosis of child abuse and neglect. Gen Dent 1998 Jan-Feb;46(1):96-100.

110. Sadler DW. The value of a thorough protocol in the investigation of sudden infant deaths. J Clin Pathol 1998 Sep;51(9):689-94.

111. Salber PR, Taliaferro E. The physician's guide to domestic violence: how to ask the right questions and recognize abuse...another way to save a life. Volcano: Volcano Press; 1995.

112. Saywitz K, Camparo L. Interviewing child witnesses: a developmental perspective. Child Abuse Negl 1998 Aug;22(8):825-43.

113. Schroeder M, Weber JR. Promoting domestic violence education for nurses. Nurs Forum 1998 Oct-Dec;33(4):13-21.

114. Sheridan D. Forensic documentation of battered pregnant women. J Nurse Midwifery 1996 Nov-Dec;41(6):467-72.

115. Sherin KM, Sinacore JM, Li XO. A short domestic violence screening tool for use in a family practice setting. Fam Med 1998 Jul-Aug;30(7):508-12.

116. Shields G, Baer J, Leininger K, et al. Interdisciplinary health care and female victims of domestic violence. Soc Work Health Care 1998;27(2):27-48.

117. Short LM, Johnson D, Osattin A. Recommended components of health care provider training programs on intimate partner violence. Am J Prevent Med 1998;14(4):283-8.

118. Sinai SH, Stewart CD. Physical abuse of children: a review for orthopedic surgeons. J South Orthop Assoc 1998 Win;7(4):264-76.

119. Smock WS, Nicholas GR, Fuller PM. Development and implementation of the first clinical forensic medicine training program. J Forensic Sci 1993 Jul;38(4):835-9.

120. Spinola C, Stewart L, Fanslow J, et al. Developing and implementing an intervention. Eval Health Prof 1998 Mar;21(1):91-119.

121. Stark E, Flitcraf A. Identifying and treating adult domestic violence victims. Domestic violence training project. New Haven: not published. p. 1-6.

122. Stobo JD, Salmon ME, Cohn F, editors. Confronting chronic neglect: the education and training of health professionals on family violence. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 2002.

123. Taylor WK, Campbell JC. Treatment protocols for battered women. Response;14, No. 4(81):16-21.

124. Taylor W, Sheridan D, Campbell JC, et al. Battered women policy and procedure. Battered Women: Identification, Treatment, and Referral of Nursing Network on Violence Against Women International;1994. p. 1-3.

125. Thompson RS, Meyer BA, Smith-DiJulio K, et al. A training program to improve domestic violence identification and management in primary care: preliminary results. Violence Vict 1998 Win;13(4):395-410.

126. Thurston WE, McLeod L. Teaching second-year medical students about wife battering. Womens Health Issues 1997 Mar-Apr;7(2):92-8.

127. Thurston WE, Corey J, Scott C. Building a feminist theoretical framework for screening of wife-battering: key issues to be addressed. Patient education and counseling 1998 Mar;33(3):299-304.

128. Tjaden PT. Full report of the prevalence, incidence, and consequences of violence against women: findings from the national violence against women survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice; Nov 2000. p. 1-61.

129. Trezona P, Zink T, Schlossberg, et al. Health care guideline: Domestic violence. ICSI, editor. Bloomington: ICSI; 1996 May. p. 305-38.

130. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Child maltreatment 1999: reports from the States to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children's Bureau. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

131. Varvaro FF, Gesmond S. ED physician house staff response to training on domestic violence. J Emerg Nurs 1997 Feb;23(1):17-22.

132. Varvaro FF. Violence against women: The role of orthopedic nurses in the identification, assessment, treatment, and care for the abused women. Orthop Nurs 1998 Mar-Apr;17(2):33-40.

133. Vivio D. Comments to the committee on training needs of health professionals to respond to family violence. American College of Nurse-Midwives; 2000 Jun. p. 1-3.

134. Waller AE, Hohenhaus SM, Shah PJ, et al. Development and validation of an emergency department screening and referral protocol for victims of domestic violence. Ann Emerg Med 1996 Jun;27(6):754-60.

135. Warshaw C, Ganley A. Improving the health care response to domestic violence. Family Violence Prevention Fund.

136. Warshaw C. Minimal elements of a domestic violence protocol. Pennsylvania: Family Violence Prevention Fund;1995.

137. Warshaw C. Intimate partner abuse: developing a framework for change in medical education. Acad Med 1997 Jan;72(1):S26-S37.

138. Weiss SJ, Ernst AA, Blanton D, et al. EMT domestic violence knowledge and the results of an educational intervention. Am J Emerg Med 2000 Mar;18(2):168-71.

139. Weiss S, Garza A, Casaletto J, et al. The out-of-hospital use of a domestic violence screen for assessing patient risk. Prehosp Emerg Care 2000 Jan-Mar;4(1):24-7.

140. Welbury RR, Murphy JM. The dental practitioner's role in protecting children from abuse 3. Reporting and subsequent management of abuse. Br Dent J 1998 Feb;184(3):115-19.

141. Weybright D. Greater Cincinnati domestic violence initiative protocol. Cincinnati: University Hospital. p. 1-22.

142. Whittaker DK, Aitken M, Burfitt E, et al. Assessing bite marks in children: working with a forensic dentist. Ambul Child Health 1997;3(3):225-9.

143. Wiist WM, McFarlane J. Severity of spousal and intimate partner abuse to pregnant Hispanic women. J Health Care Poor Underserved 1998 Aug;9(3):248-61.

144. Wiist WH, McFarlane J. The effectiveness of an abuse assessment protocol in public health prenatal clinics. Am J Public Health 1999 Aug;89(8):1217-21.

145. Wiist WH, McFarlane J. Severity of spousal and intimate partner abuse to pregnant Hispanic women. J Health Care Poor Underserved 1998 Aug;9(3):248-61.

146. Wilkins and Williams. Screening for family violence. 2nd ed: National Guideline Clearinghouse™, 1996.

147. Wingfield DA, Blocker SL. Development of a certificate training curriculum for domestic violence counseling. J Addiction Offender Counsel 1998;18(2):86-94.

148. Wisehart B. Pilot project offers help to victims of domestic violence. California Hospitals 1995 Win;9(4):24-5.

149. Woodtli MB, Breslin E. Violence-related content in the nursing curriculum: a national study. J Nurs Ed 1996 Nov;35(8):367-74.

150. Woodtli MA. Domestic violence and the nursing curriculum: tuning in and tuning up. J Nurs Ed 2000 Apr;39(4):173-82.

Elder Abuse

Allison EJ, Ellis PC, Wilson SE. Elder abuse and neglect: the emergency medicine perspective. Eur J Emerg Med 1998 Sep;5(3):355-63.

2. American College of Emergency Physicians. Management of elder abuse and neglect. Ann Emerg Med 1998;31(1):149-50.

3. American College of Emergency Physicians. Recognition and management of elder abuse: policy resource and education paper. Available at: www.acep.org.

4. American College of Physicians/American Society of Internal Medicine. Medical knowledge self-assessment program: MKSAP 12—Ambulatory Medicine. American College of Physicians/American Society of Internal Medicine; 2001.

5. American Medical Association. Diagnostic and treatment guidelines on elder abuse and neglect. Chicago: American Medical Association;1992.

6. American Public Human Services Association. The national elder abuse incidence study final report: administration on aging;1998.

7. Anetzberger GJ, Palmisano BR, Sanders M, et al. A model intervention for elder abuse and dementia. Gerontologist 2000 Aug;40(4):492-7.

8. Bonnie RJ, Wallace RB, editors. Panel to review risk and prevalence of elder abuse and neglect. National Research Council; 2002.

9. Burgess A, Dowdell EB, Prentky RA. Pilot study of 20 sexually abused nursing home residents, demographic characteristics of victims. Paper prepared for National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice; 2002.

10. California Medical Training Center. Advanced training in elder abuse (version 1.0). Available at: web.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/medtrng/training/events.html.

11. California Medical Training Center. Elder and dependent adult abuse training for community health care providers (introductory course). Available at: web.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/medtrng/training/events.html.

12. Cook-Daniels L. Interpreting the National Elder Abuse Incidence Study. Victimization of the Elderly and Disabled 1999; 2(1):1-2.

13. Fulmer TT. Violence and the elderly—papers from Violence: a plague in our land. Violence: Nursing Debates the Issues. Proceedings of the American Academy of Nursing's 20th Anniversary Conference; 1993, Nov 15-16; Washington, DC. Washington, DC: American Academy of Nursing; 1995. p. 41-8.

14. Haack D. Suggested protocols for victims of spousal and elder abuse. A task force reference document for Colorado hospitals. Denver: Colorado Department of Health 1996 Jul;1-10.

15. Houry D, Sachs CJ, Feldhaus KM, Linden J. Violence-inflicted injuries: reporting laws in the fifty states. Ann Emerg Med 2002 Jan;39(1):56-60.

16. Jones JS, Veenstra TR, Seamon JP, et al. Elder mistreatment. National survey of emergency physicians. Ann Emerg Med 1997 Oct;30(4):473-9.

17. Kingston P, Reay A. Elder abuse and neglect. Handbook of the clinical psychology of aging 1996:423-38.

18. Kohm C, McNally MJ, Tiivel J. Abuse policies for healthcare institutions. Leadersh Health Serv 1996 Sep-Oct;5(5):36-9.

19. Lachs MS, Williams CS, O'Brien, et al. The mortality of elder mistreatment. JAMA 1998 Aug;280(5):428-32.

20. Marshall CE, Benton D, Brazier JM. Elder Abuse. Using clinical tools to identify clues of mistreatment. Geriatrics 2000 Feb;55(2):42-4, 47-50, 53.

21. McCracken LM. Living forensics: a natural evolution in emergency care. Accid Emerg Nurs 1999;7(4):211-16.

22. Morris MR. Elder abuse: what the law requires. RN 1998 Aug;61(8):52-4.

23. National Center on Elder Abuse. What are the major types of elder abuse? Available at: http://elderabusecenter.org/basic/index.html.

24. Otto J, Quinn K. The National Elder Abuse Incidence Study: an evaluation by the National Association of Adult Protective Service Administrators. Victimization of the Elderly and Disabled 1999;2(1):4.

25. Our aging population: promoting empowerment, preventing victimization, and implementing coordinated interventions. An Office of Justice Programs Issues and Practices Report of Proceedings; 2000 Oct 30-31; Washington, DC. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. NCJ 186256.

26. Reis M, Nahmiash D. Validation of the indicators of abuse (IOA) screen. Gerontologist 1998;38(4):471-80.

27. Reno JM, Leary M, Samuels J. Elder justice: medical forensic issues concerning abuse and neglect (draft report). U.S. Department of Justice; 2000. p.1-116.

28. Seamon JP, Jones JS, Chun E, et al. Identifying victims of elder abuse and neglect: a training video for prehospital personnel. Prehosp Disaster Med 1997 Oct-Dec;12(4):269-73.

29. Smock WS, Nichols GR, Fuller PM. Development and implementation of the first clinical forensic medicine training program. J Forensic Sci 1993 Jul;38(4):835-9.

30. Stobo JD, Salmon ME, Cohn F, editors. Confronting chronic neglect: the education and training of health professionals on family violence. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 2002.

31. Tatara T, Kuzmeskus LM. Reporting of elder abuse in domestic settings. Elder Abuse Information Series 3. Washington, DC: National Center on Elder Abuse; 1996 May.

32. Tatara T, Kuzmeskus LM. Trends in elder abuse in domestic settings. Elder Abuse Information Series 2. Washington, DC: National Center on Elder Abuse; 1996 May.

33. Tatara T, Kuzmeskus LM. Types of elder abuse in domestic settings. Elder Abuse Information Series 1. Washington, DC: National Center on Elder Abuse; 1996 May.

34. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. National elder abuse incidence study. Final report. Administration on Aging. Administration for Children and Families; 1998 Sep. Available at: www.aoa.gov/abuse/report/default.htm.

35. U.S. Department of Justice. Elder Justice: Medical forensic issues concerning abuse and neglect. Draft Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice; 2002.

36. Wolf RS. A research agenda on abuse of older persons and adults with disabilities. Washington, DC: National Center on Elder Abuse.

37. Woodtli MA, Breslin E. Violence-related content in the nursing curriculum: a national study. J Nurs Ed 1996 Nov;35(8):367-74.

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