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Use of Behavioral Therapies for Treatment of Medical Disorders

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Part 1. Impact on Management of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: Bibliography (continued)

Excluded Studies

1. Abraira C, Emanuele N, Colwell J, et al. Glycemic control and complications in type II diabetes. Design of a feasibility trial. VA CS Group (CSDM). Diabetes Care 1992;15(11):1560-71.

2. Agurs-Collins TD, Kumanyika SK, Ten Have TR, et al. A randomized controlled trial of weight reduction and exercise for diabetes management in older African-American subjects. Diabetes Care 1997;20(10):1503-11.

3. Ahring KK, Ahring JP, Joyce C, et al. Telephone modem access improves diabetes control in those with insulin-requiring diabetes. Diabetes Care 1992;15(8):971-5.

4. Aikens JE, Kiolbasa TA, Sobel R. Psychological predictors of glycemic change with relaxation training in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Psychother Psychosom 1997;66(6):302-6.

5. Anderson BJ, Wolf FM, Burkhart MT, et al. Effects of peer-group intervention on metabolic control of adolescents with IDDM. Randomized outpatient study. Diabetes Care 1989;12(3):179-83.

6. Anderson RJ, Grigsby AB, Freedland KE, et al. Anxiety and poor glycemic control: a meta-analytic review of the literature. [Review]. Internat J Psych Med 2002;32(3):235-47.

7. Anderson RM, Funnell MM, Butler PM, et al. Patient empowerment. Results of a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care 1995;18(7):943-9.

8. Anonymous. The absence of a glycemic threshold for the development of long-term complications: the perspective of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial. Diabetes 1996;45(10):1289-98.

9. Anonymous. The Diabetes Prevention Program: baseline characteristics of the randomized cohort. The Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Diabetes Care 2000;23(11):1619-29.

10. Arseneau DL, Mason AC, Wood OB, et al. A comparison of learning activity packages and classroom instruction for diet management of patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Educ 1994;20(6):509-14.

11. Barrera M Jr, Glasgow RE, McKay HG, et al. Do Internet-based support interventions change perceptions of social support?: An experimental trial of approaches for supporting diabetes self-management. Am J Comm Psychol 2002;30(5):637-54.

12. Benjamin EM, Schneider MS, Hinchey KT. Implementing practice guidelines for diabetes care using problem-based learning. A prospective controlled trial using firm systems. Diabetes Care 1999;22(10):1672-8.

13. Bloomgarden ZT, Karmally W, Metzger MJ, et al. Randomized, controlled trial of diabetic patient education: improved knowledge without improved metabolic status. Diabetes Care 1987;10(3):263-72.

14. Boehm S, Schlenk EA, Raleigh E, et al. Behavioral analysis and behavioral strategies to improve self-management of type II diabetes. Clin Nursing Res 1993;2(3):327-44.

15. Boraz MA, Simkin-Silverman LR, Wing RR, et al. Hormone replacement therapy use and menopausal symptoms among women participating in a behavioral lifestyle intervention. Prev Med 2001;33(2 Pt 1):108-14.

16. Brown SA. Meta-analysis of diabetes patient education research: variations in intervention effects across studies. Res Nurs Health 1992;15(6):409-19.

17. Brown SA. Interventions to promote diabetes self-management: state of the science. [Review]. Diabetes Educ 1999;25(6 Suppl):52-61.

18. Brown SA, Garcia AA, Kouzekanani K, et al. Culturally competent diabetes self-management education for Mexican Americans: the Starr County border health initiative. Diabetes Care 2002;25(2):259-68.

19. Brown SA, Hanis CL. Culturally competent diabetes education for Mexican Americans: the Starr County Study. Diabetes Educ 1999;25(2):226-36.

20. Burroughs TE, Harris MA, Pontious SL, et al. Research on social support in adolescents with IDDM: a critical review. [Review]. Diabetes Educ 1997;23(4):438-48.

21. Cabrera-Pivaral CE, Gonzalez-Perez G, Vega-Lopez G, et al. Effects of behavior-modifying education in the metabolic profile of the type 2 diabetes mellitus patient. J Diabetes Complications 2000;14(6):322-6.

22. Cagliero E, Levina EV, Nathan DM. Immediate feedback of HbA1c levels improves glycemic control in type 1 and insulin-treated type 2 diabetic patients. Diabetes Care 1999;22(11):1785-9.

23. Calle-Pascual AL, Rodriguez C, Camacho F, et al. Behaviour modification in obese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 1992;15(2):157-62.

24. Campbell EM, Redman S, Moffitt PS, et al. The relative effectiveness of educational and behavioral instruction programs for patients with NIDDM: a randomized trial. Diabetes Educ 1996;22(4):379-86.

25. Campbell LV, Barth R, Gosper JK, et al. Impact of intensive educational approach to dietary change in NIDDM. Diabetes Care 1990;13(8):841-7.

26. Clark M, Hampson SE. Implementing a psychological intervention to improve lifestyle self-management in patients with type 2 diabetes. Pat Educ Counsel 2001;42(3):247-56.

27. Clark M, Hampson SE. Implementing a psychological intervention to improve lifestyle self-management in patients with type 2 diabetes. Pat Educ Counsel 2001;42(3):247-56.

28. Colagiuri S, Colagiuri R, Naidu V. Diabetes simulation: an effective method for teaching diabetes to medical students. Diabetes Educ 1994;20(2):151, 153-4.

29. Collins FM. Current treatment approaches to type 2 diabetes mellitus: successes and shortcomings. [Review]. Am J Manag Care 2002;8(16 Suppl):S460-71.

30. Corbett CF. Research-based practice implications for patients with diabetes. Part II: Diabetes self-efficacy. Home Healthcare Nurse 1999;17(9):587-96.

31. Corbett CF. A randomized pilot study of improving foot care in home health patients with diabetes. Diabetes Educ 2003;29(2):273-82.

32. Cox D, Gonder-Frederick L, Polonsky W, et al. A multicenter evaluation of blood glucose awareness training-II. Diabetes Care 1995;18(4):523-8.

33. Cox DJ, Gonder-Frederick L. Major developments in behavioral diabetes research. [Review]. J Consult Clin Psychol 1992;60(4):628-38.

34. Cox DJ, Gonder-Frederick L, Julian D, et al. Intensive versus standard blood glucose awareness training (BGAT) with insulin-dependent diabetes: mechanisms and ancillary effects. Psychosom Med 1991;53(4):453-62.

35. Cox DJ, Gonder-Frederick L, Julian DM, et al. Long-term follow-up evaluation of blood glucose awareness training. Diabetes Care 1994;17(1):1-5.

36. Cox DJ, Gonder-Frederick L, Polonsky W, et al. Blood glucose awareness training (BGAT-2): long-term benefits. Diabetes Care 2001;24(4):637-42.

37. D'Eramo-Melkus GA, Wylie-Rosett J, Hagan JA. Metabolic impact of education in NIDDM. Diabetes Care 1992;15(7):864-9.

38. DAFNE Study Group. Training in flexible, intensive insulin management to enable dietary freedom in people with type 1 diabetes: dose adjustment for normal eating (DAFNE) randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2002;325(7367):746.

39. Dagogo-Jack S. DCCT results and diabetes care in developing countries. Diabetes Care 1995;18(3):416-7.

40. de Weerdt I, Visser AP, Kok GJ, et al. Randomized controlled multicentre evaluation of an education programme for insulin-treated diabetic patients: effects on metabolic control, quality of life, and costs of therapy. Diabetic Med 1991;8(4):338-45.

41. Deckers S, Hermans MP, Buysschaert M. Therapy, glycaemic control and complications in type 1 diabetic patients: results from a single centre cohort of 465 subjects. Acta Clin Belgica 2001;56(5):289-96.

42. Delamater AM, Bubb J, Davis SG, et al. Randomized prospective study of self-management training with newly diagnosed diabetic children. [erratum appears in Diabetes Care 1990 Jul;13(7):819]. Diabetes Care 1990;13(5):492-8.

43. Delamater AM, Jacobson AM, Anderson B, et al. Psychosocial therapies in diabetes: report of the Psychosocial Therapies Working Group. [Review]. Diabetes Care 2001;24(7):1286-92.

44. Didjurgeit U, Kruse J, Schmitz N, et al. A time-limited, problem-orientated psychotherapeutic intervention in Type 1 diabetic patients with complications: a randomized controlled trial. Diabetic Med 2002;19(10):814-21.

45. Dunn SM, Beeney LJ, Hoskins PL, et al. Knowledge and attitude change as predictors of metabolic improvement in diabetes education. Soc Sci Med 1990;31(10):1135-41.

46. Dyson PA, Hammersley MS, Morris RJ, et al. The Fasting Hyperglycaemia Study: II. Randomized controlled trial of reinforced healthy-living advice in subjects with increased but not diabetic fasting plasma glucose. Metab Clin Exper 1997;46(12 Suppl 1):50-5.

47. Eakin EG, Bull SS, Glasgow RE, et al. Reaching those most in need: a review of diabetes self-management interventions in disadvantaged populations. [Review]. Diabetes/Metab Res Revs 2002;18(1):26-35.

48. Estey AL, Tan MH, Mann K. Follow-up intervention: its effect on compliance behavior to a diabetes regimen. Diabetes Educ 1990;16(4):291-5.

49. Fain JA, Nettles A, Funnell MM, et al. Diabetes patient education research: an integrative literature review. [Review]. Diabetes Educ 1999;25(6 Suppl):7-15.

50. Falkenberg MG, Elwing BE, Goransson AM, et al. Problem oriented participatory education in the guidance of adults with non-insulin-treated type-II diabetes mellitus. Scand J Primary Health Care 1986;4(3):157-64.

51. Feinglos MN, Hastedt P, Surwit RS. Effects of relaxation therapy on patients with type I diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 1987;10(1):72-5.

52. Field AE, Wing RR, Manson JE, et al. Relationship of a large weight loss to long-term weight change among young and middle-aged U.S. women. Internat J Obesity Related Metabol Dis 2001;25(8):1113-21.

53. Fosbury JA, Bosley CM, Ryle A, et al. A trial of cognitive analytic therapy in poorly controlled type I patients. Diabetes Care 1997;20(6):959-64.

54. Franz MJ, Monk A, Barry B, et al. Effectiveness of medical nutrition therapy provided by dietitians in the management of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: a randomized, controlled clinical trial. J Am Diet Assoc 1995;95(9):1009-17. 55. Friedman RH. Automated telephone conversations to assess health behavior and deliver behavioral interventions. J Med Systems 1998;22(2):95-102.

56. Frost G, Lyons F, Bovill-Taylor C, et al. Intensive lifestyle intervention combined with the choice of pharmacotherapy improves weight loss and cardiac risk factors in the obese. J Human Nutr Diet 2002;15(4):287-95; quiz 297-9.

57. Gaede P, Beck M, Vedel P, et al. Limited impact of lifestyle education in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria: results from a randomized intervention study. Diabetic Med 2001;18(2):104-8.

58. Gaede P, Vedel P, Parving HH, et al. Intensified multifactorial intervention in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria: the Steno type 2 randomised study. Lancet 1999;353(9153):617-22.

59. Galper DI, Tayulor AG, Cox DJ. Current status of mind-body interventions for vascular complications of diabetes. Fam Comm Health 2003;26(1):34-40.

60. Garcia AA, Villagomez ET, Brown SA, et al. The Starr County Diabetes Education Study: development of the Spanish-language diabetes knowledge questionnaire. [erratum appears in Diabetes Care 2001 May;24(5):972]. Diabetes Care 2001;24(1):16-21.

61. Gary TL, Batts ML, Bone L, et al. Effect of behavioral interventions on body-mass index, diet, and physical activity in urban African Americans with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes 1999;48:0157.

62. Gilden JL, Hendryx MS, Clar S, et al. Diabetes support groups improve health care of older diabetic patients. J Am Geriatrics Society 1992;40(2):147-50.

63. Gilliland SS, Azen SP, Perez GE, et al. Strong in body and spirit: lifestyle intervention for Native American adults with diabetes in New Mexico. Diabetes Care 2002;25(1):78-83.

64. Glasgow RE. Diabetes education research. Diabetes Educ 1999;25(6 Suppl):5-6.

65. Glasgow RE, Anderson BJ. Future directions for research on pediatric chronic disease management: lessons from diabetes. [Review]. J Ped Psychol 1995;20(4):389-402.

66. Glasgow RE, Boles SM, McKay HG, et al. The D-Net diabetes self-management program: long-term implementation, outcomes, and generalization results. Prev Med 2003;36(4):410-9.

67. Glasgow RE, Bull SS, Gillette C, et al. Behavior change intervention research in healthcare settings: a review of recent reports with emphasis on external validity. [Review]. Am J Prev Med 2002;23(1):62-9.

68. Glasgow RE, Fisher EB, Anderson BJ, et al. Behavioral science in diabetes. Contributions and opportunities. [Review]. Diabetes Care 1999;22(5):832-43.

69. Glasgow RE, La Chance PA, Toobert DJ, et al. Long-term effects and costs of brief behavioural dietary intervention for patients with diabetes delivered from the medical office. Pat Educ Counsel 1997;32(3):175-84.

70. Glasgow RE, Osteen VL. Evaluating diabetes education. Are we measuring the most important outcomes? [Review]. Diabetes Care 1992;15(10):1423-32.

71. Glasgow RE, Toobert DJ. Brief, computer-assisted diabetes dietary self-management counseling: effects on behavior, physiologic outcomes, and quality of life. Med Care 2000;38(11):1062-73.

72. Glasgow RE, Toobert DJ, Hampson SE. Effects of a brief office-based intervention to facilitate diabetes dietary self-management. Diabetes Care 1996;19(8):835-42.

73. Glasgow RE, Toobert DJ, Hampson SE, et al. Improving self-care among older patients with type II diabetes: the "Sixty Something..." Study. Pat Educ Counsel 1992;19(1):61-74.

74. Glasgow RE, Toobert DJ, Hampson SE, et al. A brief office-based intervention to facilitate diabetes dietary self-management. Health Educ Res 1995;10(4):467-78.

75. Glasgow RE, Toobert DJ, Hampson SE, et al. Implementation, generalization and longterm results of the "choosing well" diabetes self-management intervention. Pat Educ Counsel 2002;48(2):115-22.

76. Glasgow RE, Toobert DJ, Mitchell DL, et al. Nutrition education and social learning interventions for type II diabetes. Diabetes Care 1989;12(2):150-2.

77. Goldhaber-Fiebert JD, Goldhaber-Fiebert SN, Tristan ML, et al. Randomized controlled community-based nutrition and exercise intervention improves glycemia and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetic patients in rural Costa Rica. Diabetes Care 2003;26(1):24-9.

78. Goodall TA, Halford WK. Self-management of diabetes mellitus: a critical review.[erratum appears in Health Psychol 1992;11(1):77]. [Review]. Health Psychol 1991;10(1):1-8.

79. Graber AL, Elasy TA, Quinn D, et al. Improving glycemic control in adults with diabetes mellitus: shared responsibility in primary care practices. Southern Med J 2002;95(7):684-90.

80. Greenfield S, Kaplan SH, Ware JE Jr, et al. Patients' participation in medical care: effects on blood sugar control and quality of life in diabetes. J Gen Int Med 1988;3(5):448-57.

81. Hanefeld M, Fischer S, Schmechel H, et al. Diabetes Intervention Study. Multi-intervention trial in newly diagnosed NIDDM. Diabetes Care 1991;14(4):308-17.

82. Hartwell SL, Kaplan RM, Wallace JP. Comparison of behavioral interventions for control of type II-diabetes-mellitus. Behav Ther 1986;17(4):447-61. 83. Heitzmann CA, Kaplan RM. Interaction between sex and social support in the control of type II diabetes mellitus. J Consult Clin Psychol 1984;52(6):1087-9.

84. Heitzmann CA, Kaplan RM, Wilson DK, et al. Sex differences in weight loss among adults with type II diabetes mellitus. J Behav Med 1987;10(2):197-211.

85. Heller SR, Clarke P, Daly H, et al. Group education for obese patients with type 2 diabetes: greater success at less cost. Diabetic Med 1988;5(6):552-6.

86. Hendricks LE, Hendricks RT. The effect of diabetes self-management education with frequent follow-up on the health outcomes of African American men. Diabetes Educ 2000;26(6):995-1002.

87. Hentzen DH. From the president: the results of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial. Diabetes Educ 1994;20(2):103.

88. Hiss RG, Gillard ML, Armbruster BA, et al. Comprehensive evaluation of community-based diabetic patients: effect of feedback to patients and their physicians: a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care 2001;24(4):690-4.

89. Home P, Chacra A, Chan J, et al. Considerations on blood glucose management in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. [Review]. Diabetes/Metab Res Revs 2002;18(4):273-85.

90. Horwitz BL. Cooperative learning as an approach for educating diabetic patients and their spouses. J NY State Nurs Assoc 1993;24(3):15-7.

91. Howorka K, Pumprla J, Wagner-Nosiska D, et al. Empowering diabetes out-patients with structured education: short-term and long-term effects of functional insulin treatment on perceived control over diabetes. J Psychosom Res 2000;48(1):37-44.

92. Jablon SL, Naliboff BD, Gilmore SL, et al. Effects of relaxation training on glucose tolerance and diabetic control in type II diabetes. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 1997;22(3):155-69.

93. Jeffery RW, Wing RR, Sherwood NE, et al. Physical activity and weight loss: does prescribing higher physical activity goals improve outcome? Am J Clin Nutr 2003;78(4):684-9.

94. Johnson SB. Methodological issues in diabetes research. Measuring adherence. [Review]. Diabetes Care 1992;15(11):1658-67.

95. Kalten MR, Ardito DA, Cimino C, et al. A Web-accessible core weight management program. Diabetes Educ 2000;26(6):929-36.

96. Kaplan R, Wilson D, Heitzmann C, et al. Randomized trial evaluates behavioral interventions in type-II diabetes mellitus. Diabetes 1983;32:A169.

97. Kaplan RM, Chadwick MW, Schimmel LE. Social learning intervention to promote metabolic control in type I diabetes mellitus: pilot experiment results. Diabetes Care 1985;8(2):152-5.

98. Kaplan RM, Hartwell SL, Wilson DK, et al. Effects of diet and exercise interventions on control and quality of life in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Gen Int Med 1987;2(4):220-8.

99. Keen H. Normoglycaemic re-entry and diabetic complications. [Review]. Diabetic Med 1984;1(2):85-7.

100. Kenardy J, Mensch M, Bowen K, et al. Group therapy for binge eating in Type 2 diabetes: a randomized trial. Diabetic Med 2002;19(3):234-9.

101. Keyserling TC, Ammerman AS, Samuel-Hodge CD, et al. A diabetes management program for African American women with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Educ 2000;26(5):796-805.

102. Kingery PM, Glasgow RE. Self-efficacy and outcome expectations in the self-regulation of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Health Educ 1989;20(7):13-9.

103. Kinsley BT, Weinger K, Bajaj M, et al. Blood glucose awareness training and epinephrine responses to hypoglycemia during intensive treatment in type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care 1999;22(7):1022-8.

104. Kirk AF, Higgins LA, Hughes AR, et al. A randomized, controlled trial to study the effect of exercise consultation on the promotion of physical activity in people with Type 2 diabetes: a pilot study. Diabetic Med 2001;18(11):877-82.

105. Koev DJ, Tankova TI, Kozlovski PG. Effect of structured group education on glycemic control and hypoglycemia in insulin-treated patients. Diabetes Care 2003;26(1):251.

106. Korhonen T, Huttunen JK, Aro A, et al. A controlled trial on the effects of patient education in the treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes. Diabetes Care 1983;6(3):256-61.

107. Korhonen T, Uusitupa M, Aro A, et al. Efficacy of dietary instructions in newly diagnosed non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. Comparison of two different patient education regimens. Acta Med Scand 1987;222(4):323-31.

108. Laitinen JH, Ahola IE, Sarkkinen ES, et al. Impact of intensified dietary therapy on energy and nutrient intakes and fatty acid composition of serum lipids in patients with recently diagnosed non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Am Diet Assoc 1993;93(3):276-83.

109. Lammers CA, Naliboff BD, Straatmeyer AJ. The effects of progressive relaxation on stress and diabetic control. Behav Res Ther 1984;22(6):641-50.

110. Lamparski DM, Wing RR. Blood glucose discrimination training in patients with type II diabetes. Biofeedback Self Regulation 1989;14(3):195-206.

111. Landis B, Jovanovic L, Landis E, et al. Effect of stress reduction on daily glucose range in previously stabilized insulin-dependent diabetic patients. Diabetes Care 1985;8(6):624-6.

112. Lane JD, McCaskill CC, Ross SL, et al. Relaxation training for NIDDM. Predicting who may benefit. Diabetes Care 1993;16(8):1087-94.

113. Lean M, Anderson A. Clinical strategies for obesity management. Diabetic Med 1988;5(6):515-8.

114. Lemozy-Cadroy S, Crognier S, Gourdy P, et al. Intensified treatment of type 1 diabetes: prospective evaluation at one year of a therapeutic patient education programme. Diabetes Metab 2002;28(4 Pt 1):287-94.

115. Levenson D. Stress management helps control glucose in type 2 diabetics. Rep Med Guidelines Outcomes Res 2002;13(1):5-7.

116. Levetan CS, Dawn KR, Robbins DC, et al. Impact of computer-generated personalized goals on HbA(1c). Diabetes Care 2002;25(1):2-8.

117. Ligtenberg PC, Godaert GL, Hillenaar EF, et al. Influence of a physical training program on psychological well-being in elderly type 2 diabetes patients. Psychological well-being, physical training, and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 1998;21(12):2196-7.

118. Little RR, Wiedmeyer HM, England JD, et al. Interlaboratory comparison of glycohemoglobin results: College of American Pathologists Survey data. Clin Chem 1991;37(10 Pt 1):1725-9.

119. Lorenz RA, Bubb J, Davis D, et al. Changing behavior. Practical lessons from the diabetes control and complications trial. Diabetes Care 1996;19(6):648-52.

120. Lustman PJ, Freedland KE, Griffith LS, et al. Predicting response to cognitive behavior therapy of depression in type 2 diabetes. Gen Hosp Psych 1998;20(5):302-6.

121. Lustman PJ, Griffith LS, Freedland KE, et al. Cognitive behavior therapy for depression in type 2 diabetes mellitus. A randomized, controlled trial. Ann Int Med 1998;129(8):613-21.

122. Manning RM, Jung RT, Leese GP, et al. The comparison of four weight reduction strategies aimed at overweight diabetic patients. Diabetic Med 1995;12(5):409-15.

123. Manning RM, Jung RT, Leese GP, et al. The comparison of four weight reduction strategies aimed at overweight patients with diabetes mellitus: four-year follow-up. Diabetic Med 1998;15(6):497-502.

124. Maxwell AE, Hunt IF, Bush MA. Effects of a social support group, as an adjunct to diabetes training, on metabolic control and psychosocial outcomes. Diabetes Educ 1992;18(4):303-9.

125. Mayer-Davis EJ, D'Antonio A, Martin M, et al. Pilot study of strategies for effective weight management in type 2 diabetes: Pounds Off with Empowerment (POWER). Fam Comm Health 2001;24(2):27-35.

126. Mazzuca SA, Moorman NH, Wheeler ML, et al. The diabetes education study: a controlled trial of the effects of diabetes patient education. Diabetes Care 1986;9(1):1-10.

127. Mazzuca SA, Vinicor F, Cohen SJ, et al. The Diabetes Education Study: a controlled trial of the effects of intensive instruction of internal medicine residents on the management of diabetes mellitus. J Gen Int Med 1988;3(1):1-8.

128. McCulloch DK, Glasgow RE, Hampson SE, et al. A systematic approach to diabetes management in the post-DCCT era. Diabetes Care 1994;17(7):765-9.

129. McGrady A, Bailey BK, Good MP. Controlled study of biofeedback-assisted relaxation in type I diabetes. Diabetes Care 1991;14(5):360-5.

130. McGrady A, Horner J. Role of mood in outcome of biofeedback assisted relaxation therapy in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 1999;24(1):79-88.

131. McKay HG, King D, Eakin EG, et al. The diabetes network internet-based physical activity intervention: a randomized pilot study. Diabetes Care 2001;24(8):1328-34.

132. McKay HG, King D, Eakin EG, et al. The diabetes network internet-based physical activity intervention: a randomized pilot study. Diabetes Care 2001;24(8):1328-34.

133. McNabb W, Quinn M, Kerver J, et al. The PATHWAYS church-based weight loss program for urban African-American women at risk for diabetes. Diabetes Care 1997;20(10):1518-23.

134. Mensink M, Feskens EJ, Saris WH, et al. Study on Lifestyle Intervention and Impaired Glucose Tolerance Maastricht (SLIM): preliminary results after one year. Internat J Obesity Related Metabol Dis 2003;27(3):377-84.

135. Miller CK, Edwards L, Kissling G, et al. Nutrition education improves metabolic outcomes among older adults with diabetes mellitus: results from a randomized controlled trial. Prev Med 2002;34(2):252-9.

136. Miller CK, Edwards L, Kissling G, et al. Evaluation of a theory-based nutrition intervention for older adults with diabetes mellitus. J Am Diet Assoc 2002;102(8):1069-81.

137. Narayan KM, Hoskin M, Kozak D, et al. Randomized clinical trial of lifestyle interventions in Pima Indians: a pilot study. Diabetic Med 1998;15(1):66-72.

138. Nordfeldt S, Johansson C, Carlsson E, et al. Prevention of severe hypoglycaemia in type I diabetes: a randomised controlled population study. Arch Dis Child 2003;88(3):240-5.

139. Norris SL, Engelgau MM, Narayan KM. Effectiveness of self-management training in type 2 diabetes: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Diabetes Care 2001;24(3):561-87.

140. Norris SL, Lau J, Smith SJ, et al. Self-management education for adults with type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of the effect on glycemic control. Diabetes Care 2002;25(7):1159-71.

141. Oh JA, Kim HS, Yoon KH, et al. A telephone-delivered intervention to improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients. Yonsei Med J 2003;44(1):1-8.

142. Padgett D, Mumford E, Hynes M, et al. Meta-analysis of the effects of educational and psychosocial interventions on management of diabetes mellitus. J Clin Epidemiol 1988;41(10):1007-30.

143. Padgett D, Mumford E, Hynes M, et al. Meta-analysis of the effects of educational and psychosocial interventions on management of diabetes mellitus. J Clin Epidemiol 1988;41(10):1007-30.

144. Page SR, Tattersall RB. How to achieve optimal diabetic control in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes. [Review]. Postgrad Med J 1994;70(828):675-81.

145. Parchman ML, Arambula-Solomon TG, Noel PH, et al. Stage of change advancement for diabetes self-management behaviors and glucose control. Diabetes Educ 2003;29(1):128-34.

146. Pascale RW, Wing RR, Blair EH, et al. The effect of weight loss on change in waist-to-hip ratio in patients with type II diabetes. Internat J Obesity Related Metabol Dis 1992;16(1):59-65.

147. Pascale RW, Wing RR, Butler BA, et al. Effects of a behavioral weight loss program stressing calorie restriction versus calorie plus fat restriction in obese individuals with NIDDM or a family history of diabetes. Diabetes Care 1995;18(9):1241-8.

148. Perry TL, Mann JI, Lewis-Barned NJ, et al. Lifestyle intervention in people with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Eur J Clin Nutr 1997;51(11):757-63.

149. Piette JD. Perceived access problems among patients with diabetes in two public systems of care. J Gen Int Med 2000;15(11):797-804.

150. Piette JD, Weinberger M, Kraemer FB, et al. Impact of automated calls with nurse followup on diabetes treatment outcomes in a Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System: a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care 2001;24(2):202-8.

151. Piette JD, Weinberger M, McPhee SJ. The effect of automated calls with telephone nurse follow-up on patient-centered outcomes of diabetes care: a randomized, controlled trial. Med Care 2000;38(2):218-30.

152. Piette JD, Weinberger M, McPhee SJ, et al. Do automated calls with nurse follow-up improve self-care and glycemic control among vulnerable patients with diabetes? Am J Med 2000;108(1):20-7.

153. Pohl SL, Gonder-Frederick L, Cox DJ, et al. Self-measurement of blood glucose concentration: clinical significance of patient-generated measurements. Diabetes Care 1985;8(6):617-9.

154. Polley BA, Wing RR, Sims CJ. Randomized controlled trial to prevent excessive weight gain in pregnant women. Internat J Obesity Related Metabol Dis 2002;26(11):1494-502.

155. Rabkin SW, Boyko E, Wilson A, et al. A randomized clinical trial comparing behavior modification and individual counseling in the nutritional therapy of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: comparison of the effect on blood sugar, body weight, and serum lipids. Diabetes Care 1983;6(1):50-6.

156. Raz I, Soskolne V, Stein P. Influence of small-group education sessions on glucose homeostasis in NIDDM. Diabetes Care 1988;11(1):67-71.

157. Reyle LS, Thomas RK, Dew PS. Establishing a new diabetes service on the basis of health services research. Diabetes Educ 1989;15(3):268-71.

158. Rickheim PL, Weaver TW, Flader JL, et al. Assessment of group versus individual diabetes education: a randomized study. Diabetes Care 2002;25(2):269-74.

159. Ridgeway NA, Harvill DR, Harvill LM, et al. Improved control of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a practical education/behavior modification program in a primary care clinic. Southern Med J 1999;92(7):667-72.

160. Rost KM, Flavin KS, Cole K, et al. Change in metabolic control and functional status after hospitalization. Impact of patient activation intervention in diabetic patients. Diabetes Care 1991;14(10):881-9.

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