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Figure 12: Comparison of Efficacy

Treatment Types Newly diagnosed/previously untreated multiple myeloma Advanced/refractory/resistant multiple myeloma
Median survival 29 months24-25 17 months33
PPR 50% 72% 13%
Median survival 36-44 months30-31 10-17 months31, 33
PPR 50% 61-86% 22-70%
Thalidomide only
Median survival Estimated 2-year overall survival=96%42 Median overall survival not stated Estimated 2-year overall survival=48% ± 6%43 Median overall survival=5-58 months46,51,53,55,58,60
Complete response 16-25% 2-9%
PPR 25% 66-81% 34-100%
PPR 50% 34-38%a 8-43%a
Thalidomide plus dexamethasone
Median survival Median overall survival=30 months66 Estimated 2-year overall survival=55%76 Median OS=7-38 mo64,69-70,135
Complete response 8-16% 0-13%
PPR 25% 54-92% 54-75%
PPR 50% 17-64%a 22-55%a

aReports of PPR >50% can be misleading.

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