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Table 2. Prenatal Care and Birth Outcomes, Multivariate Analysis, New York City, 1997-98

Mother's Characteristics,
Insurance Coverage
Relative Risk
Late/No Prenatal Care Low Birth Weight Full Term Preterm Birth
Mother's Characteristics      
Less than High School Education 1.458*** 1.198*** 1.057**
Foreign Born 1.097*** 0.827*** 0.835***
   Black 1.277*** 1.452*** 1.671***
   Hispanic, non-Puerto Rican 0.816*** 0.891* 1.142***
   Hispanic, Puerto Rican 0.865*** 1.251*** 1.504***
   Asian 1.137*** 1.467*** 1.083*
   "Other" Race 0.622* 2.722*** 1.622**
Age Less than 19 1.227*** 1.140* 0.936*
Married 0.855*** 0.800*** 0.836***
Insurance Coverage      
   Medicaid 4.419*** 1.093* 0.987
   Self-Pay/Uninsured 8.009*** 1.156 1.293***
Had Prenatal Care 0.764*** 0.891***

Comparison categories: Greater than high school education; born in U.S.; race/ethnicity White; age 19 or older; not married; private insurance coverage; late/no prenatal care.


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