Skip Navigation U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Agency for Healthcare Research Quality
Archive print banner

This information is for reference purposes only. It was current when produced and may now be outdated. Archive material is no longer maintained, and some links may not work. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing this information should contact us at: Let us know the nature of the problem, the Web address of what you want, and your contact information.

Please go to for current information.


John Billings and Robin Weinick analyzed the data and wrote this book, based on the data set constructed by Mr. Billings and staff at the New York University Center for Health and Public Service Research. The concept for the book was developed by the Safety Net Monitoring Collaborative, led by Dr. Weinick, and the book would not have been possible without the contributions of the following individuals:

  • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
    • Roxanne Andrews
    • Helen Burstin
    • Irene Fraser
  • Health Resources and Services Administration Center for Health Services Financing and Managed Care
    • Rhoda Abrams
    • Doug Guerdat
    • Alex Ross
  • Health Resources and Services Administration Office of Planning and Evaluation
    • Michael Millman
    • Jessica Townsend
  • Health Resources and Services Administration Bureau of Primary Health Care
    • Richard Lee
    • Jerri Regan
  • Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
    • Eileen Salinsky (currently with the National Health Policy Forum, George Washington University; formerly with the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation)
    • Caroline Taplin
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics
    • Catharine Burt

The following individuals provided data from or assisted with specific data sets:

  • Jenny Schnaier, AHRQ
  • Sherry Armstead, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
  • Norma Campbell, HRSA
  • Ed Hunter, Susan Jack, Robert Hill, Pat Adams, Viona Brown, and Thomas Dunn, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics

The following individuals provided computer programming and analytic support for this project:

  • Tod Mijanovich, Sneha Shah, Thomas Frenkel, Ephraim Shapiro, Adira Gallup-Black, and John Jasek, New York University Center for Health and Public Service Research
  • Joel Cantor, Dorothy Gaboda, and Elena Goldman, Center for State Health Policy at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey
  • Suzanne Worth, Social and Scientific Systems

Additional AHRQ staff who contributed to this project are Marjorie Shofer, who provided helpful feedback on drafts of the manuscript, and Natalie Alter and Kelly Morgan, both of whom provided administrative support.

The manuscript was edited by Julius Patterson of AHRQ, and this publication was designed by EEI Communications under the direction of Jayne Sutton. General direction for the AHRQ publications program is provided by Randie Siegel, Director of Print and Electronic Publishing.

The data presented in this book have not been shared directly with local policymakers to obtain feedback and may not reflect important changes that have occurred since the data were collected. The value of this report can only be assessed by its usefulness to communities. AHRQ welcomes feedback regarding the usefulness of the data and approach used here as well as the specific findings; please forward your comments to

Return to Contents of Data Book 1


The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.


AHRQ Advancing Excellence in Health Care