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Figure 4. Policy Analysis Framework

The Policy Analysis Framework consists of three large arrows pointing to text in a circular configuration and boxes to the left, right, and below the loop of arrows. Go to Text Description [D] for details.

[D] Select for Text Description.

Under this framework, policy analysis involves answering questions related to problem and goal analysis.

Problem Analysis Questions
What appears to be wrong and why?
Goal Analysis Questions
What needs to be achieved?
  • What is the problem?
    • How do you know the problem exists?
  • Whose problem is it?
    • Who are the stakeholders?
  • How serious is it?
    • What are the quantitative dimensions?
  • Is the problem likely to improve or worsen?
  • What are the underlying causes?
  • What priority should be assigned to this problem in comparison to others?
  • What specific goals are desired to address the problem?
    • Quantify, if possible.
  • What is the relative importance of achieving various goals?
  • Whose interests will be served by meeting or not meeting these goals?
  • How realistic are the goals?
  • Are there any givens or constraints in making the desired change?

Source: Helms WD. Policy Analysis Framework. Presented at: AHRQ Workshop, Using Policy Analysis and Research More Effectively in Decisionmaking; July 29, 2002; Rensselaerville, NY.

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