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Summaries of Independent Scientist (K) Awards

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Egede, Leonard E.

Institution: Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC)
Grant Title: Collaborative Management of Diabetes in Blacks
Grant Number: K08 HS11418
Duration: 5 years (2001-2006)
Total Award: $632,900

Project Description: The objective of this application was to develop collaborative management of Type 2 Diabetes in Black Americans. The research was accomplished by investigating the patient, provider, and systems level barriers to the effective management of diabetes in primary care settings and developing a collaborative model of care to potentially eliminate these barriers. The research had three specific goals:

  1. Identify the knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of Black patients that impact their diabetes outcomes.
  2. Identify impediments to improved diabetes outcomes in Blacks that are attributable to health care providers.
  3. Identify external factors that impact on diabetes outcomes in Blacks.

Career Goals: Dr. Egede is an Associate Professor of Medicine in the Division of General and Internal Medicine and Geriatrics at the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston and Director of the MUSC Center for Health Disparities Research. He received his MBBS in Medicine/Surgery from the University of Benin, Nigeria and did his residency in Internal Medicine at the Greater Baltimore Medical Center. Dr. Egede continues to investigate effective interventions to improve patient-provider communications and reduce racial/ethnic differences in health outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Progress to Date: This grant has been completed. Dr. Egede found African Americans had poorer diabetes-specific knowledge, poorer diabetes self-management skills, and felt less empowered to care for diabetes compared to Whites.

Highlights and Specific Accomplishments:

  • Director, Charleston Department of Veterans' Affairs (VA) Targeted Research Enhancement Program (TREP).
  • Pilot Core Director for National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded EXPORT.
  • Deputy Editor, Journal of General Internal Medicine.
  • Developing Scholars Award, Health Sciences Foundation, MUSC, August 2004.
  • American Diabetes Association Young Investigator Award, June 2003.

K-Generated Publications:

Egede LE. How Cost-effectiveness is the treatment of dyslipidemia in patients with diabetes but without cardiovascular disease? A response to Grover et al. Diabetes Care 2002. 24(7):1306.

Egede LE, Michel Y. Perceived difficulty of diabetes treatment in primary care: Does it differ by the ethnicity of the patient? Diabetes Education 2001. 27(5):678-84.

Egede LE, Michel Y. The attitudes of internal medicine physicians toward type 2 diabetes. Southern Medical Journal 2002. Jan; 95(1):88-91.

Egede LE, Ye X, Zheng D, Silverstein MD. The prevalence and pattern of complementary and alternative medicine use in individuals with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2002. 25(2):324-29.

Egede LE, Zheng D. Modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in adults with diabetes: Prevalence and missed opportunities for physician counseling. Archives of Internal Medicine 2002. Feb. 25; 162(4):427-33.

Egede LE, Zheng D, Simpson K. Comorbid depression is associated with increased health care use and expenditures among individuals with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 2002. 25(3):464-70.

Egede LE. Beliefs and attitudes of African Americans with type 2 diabetes toward depression. Diabetes Education 2002 Mar-Apr. 28(2):258-68.

Egede LE, Zheng D. Independent factors associated with major depressive disorders in a national sample of adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2003. 26(1):104-11.

Egede LE, Zheng D. Racial/ethnic differences in influenza and pneumococcal vaccination rates in individuals with diabetes. American Journal of Public Health 2003. 93:324-29.

Egede LE, Bonadonna RJ. Diabetes self-management in African Americans: An exploration of the role of fatalism. Diabetes Education 2003. 29(1):105-15.

Egede LE, Zheng D. Racial/ethnic differences in influenza vaccination in high-risk adults. American Journal of Public Health 2003 Dec. 93(12):2074-78.

Egede LE. Implementing behavioral-counseling interventions in primary care to modify cardiovascular disease risk in adults with diabetes. Cardiovascular Reviews and Reports 2003. 24(6):306-12.

Egede LE. Lifestyle modification to improve blood pressure control in individuals with diabetes: Is physician advice effective? Diabetes Care 2003 Mar. 26(3):602-7.

Egede LE, Simpson K. Epidemiology, treatment, and costs of depression in adults with type 2 diabetes. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research 2003. 3(3):251-62.

Egede LE. Association between number of physician visits and influenza vaccination coverage among diabetic adults with access to care. Diabetes Care 2003 Sep. 26:2562-67.

Willi SM, Planton J, Egede L, Schwarz S. Benefits of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) in children with type 1 diabetes. Journal of Pediatrics 2003 Dec. 143(6):796-801.

Egede LE. Diabetes, major depression, and functional disability among United States adults. Diabetes Care 2004 Feb; 27(2):421-28.

Rubin RR, Ciechanowski P, Egede LE, Lin EH, Lustman PJ. Recognizing and treating depression in patients with diabetes. Current Diabetes Reports 2004 Apr. 4(2):119-25.

Egede LE. Complementary and alternative medicine use by individuals with diabetes. Geriatric Times 2004; May/June. 5(3):8-11. 

Egede LE. Behavioral counseling interventions for primary prevention of coronary heart disease in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Comprehensive Therapy 2004 Sept/Dec. 30(3):141-47.

Egede LE. Influenza prevention strategies in elderly African Americans: Egede Responds. American Journal of Public Health 2004. 94:905-a-06.

Egede LE. Patterns and correlates of emergency department use by individuals with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2004 Jul. 27(7):1748-50.

Egede LE. Effect of depression on work loss and disability bed days in individuals with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2004 Jul. 27(7):1751-53.

Egede LE Poston ME. Racial/ethnic differences in leisure-time physical activity levels among individuals with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2004 Oct. 27(10):2493-94.

Egede LE. Effect of comorbid chronic diseases on prevalence and odds of depression in adults with diabetes. Psychosomatic Medicine 2005 Jan-Feb. 67(1):46-51.

Egede LE, Dagogo-Jack S. Epidemiology of type 2 diabetes: Focus on ethnic minorities. Medical Clinics of North America 2005 Sept. 89(5):949-75.

Egede LE, Nietert PJ, Zheng D. Depression and all-cause and coronary heart disease mortality among adults with and without diabetes. Diabetes Care 2005 Jun. 28(6):1339-45.

Egede LE. Effect of depression on self-management behaviors and health outcomes in adults with type 2 diabetes. Current Diabetes Reviews 2005. Nov. 1(3):235-43.

Garrow D, Egede LE. Association between complementary and alternative medicine use, preventive care practices, and use of conventional medical services among adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2006 Jan. 29:25-19.

Egede LE, Michel Y. Medical mistrust, diabetes self-management, and glycemic control in an indigent population with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2006 Jan. 29:131-32.

Egede LE. Disease-focused or integrated treatment: Diabetes and depression. Med Clinical North American 2006. 90(4):627-46.

Egede LE. Race, ethnicity, culture, and disparities in healthcare. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2006 Jun. 21(6):667-69.

Onitilo AA, Nietert PJ, Egede LE. Effect of depression on all-cause mortality in adults with cancer and differential effects by cancer site. General Hops Psychiatry 2006. 28(5):396-402.

Garrow D, Egede LE. National patterns and correlates of complementary and alternative medicine use in adults with diabetes. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2006. 12(9):895-902.

Nwasuruba C, Khan M, Egede LE. Racial/ethnic differences in multiple self-care behaviors in adults with diabetes. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2007. 22(1):115-120.

Egede LE. Failure to recognize depression in primary care: Issues and challenges. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2007. 22(5):701-03.

Koya DL, Egede LE. Association between length of residence and cardiovascular disease risk factors among an ethnically diverse group of United States immigrants. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2007. 22(6):841-46.

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