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Summaries of Independent Scientist (K) Awards

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Wright, Melanie

Institution: Duke University
Grant Title: Information management in the Perioperative Environment
Grant Number: K02 HS15704
Duration: 5 years (2006-2011)
Total Award: $482,000

Project Description: There are four main aims to this research: 

  1. Generate human factors principles for the design of perioperative monitoring and crisis management support systems.
  2. Conduct cognitive task analyses to identify information requirements for the design of perioperative information displays.
  3. Apply the results of Aims 1 and 2 in the design of perioperative information displays.
  4. Compare the effectiveness of the human centered designed perioperative support systems against conventional perioperative alarms and displays in simulated patient scenarios.

Career Goals: Dr. Wright is an Assistant Professor in the School of Medicine at Duke University Human Simulation and Patient Safety Center. She received her PhD in Industrial Engineering from North Carolina State University, Raleigh, and went on to hold several positions in the private and academic settings before her appointment at Duke. Dr. Wright wants to become a research team leader while advancing the field of human patient simulators in health care.

Progress to Date: The grantee completed her didactic training as planned, including the Duke University Clinical Research Training Program. Dr. Wright conducted operating room observations for the purposes of understanding information use and identifying criteria for smart rule-base alarms. Two manuscripts have been submitted for publication and are currently under revision.

Future Plans: Dr. Wright will complete the remaining activities associated with Aims #2 and #3 to support the development of an improved anesthesia monitor support system. She will continue developing manuscripts for publication.

Highlights and Specific Accomplishments:

  • Best Student Paper Award, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2002.

K-Generated Publications:

Taekman JM, Hobbs GW, Wright MC. Intraoperative apnea: medication error with disclosure. Simulation in Health Care 2007. 2(1):39-42.

Marks LB, Light KL, Huug JL, Georgas DL, Jones EL, Wright MC, et al. The impact of advanced technologies on treatment deviations in radiation treatment delivery. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, and Physiology 2007. 69(5):1579-86.

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