Research Activities April 2013, No. 392

April 2013, No. 392


About Research Activities

Feature Story

New AHRQ evidence report details top patient safety strategies
From the Director
Research Activities asks the experts

Patient Safety and Quality

New measure helps evaluate interventions to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections
Medicare nonpayment for certain hospital-acquired conditions has not reduced certain infections in hospitals
Factors identified that influence preventable hospitalization rates in small areas over time
Quality of care is similar for safety-net and non-safety-net hospitals
Adding incentive payments to pay-for-performance hospital program boosts payments to hospitals treating more disadvantaged patients

Disparities/Minority Health

Adolescent females living in disadvantaged neighborhoods are at increased risk for obesity
The poor and less educated in Canada are more likely to use health care than their counterparts in the United States
Mental illness is common and left untreated in older public housing residents

Mental Health

Survey finds rapid rise in antipsychotic use among young people
Study finds few clinically important differences between first- and second-generation medications for treating schizophrenia
Patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack suffer high levels of depression and undertreatment with antidepressants


ICU bed allocation: clinicians prioritize "rescuing" a critically ill patient over societal benefit
Disclosure of funding sources affects physician evaluation of research studies

Chronic Disease

Trends in diabetes treatment suggest more multidrug regimens, resulting in high financial burden on persons with diabetes and their families
Infliximab may be riskier than etanercept for younger patients with arthritis

Acute Care/Hospitalization

Mortality rate and major complications have declined among adult trauma patients cared for in trauma centers
Study tracks hospitalization rates for various respiratory viruses

Child/Adolescent Health

Short spacing between children boosts the older child’s risk of behavioral and cognitive problems
No short-term risk of severe cardiac events seen in children taking central nervous system stimulants
Low-molecular-weight heparin often used in treating young trauma patients despite insufficient scientific evidence
Most children can delay their first dental visit until age 3 without affecting later dental outcomes

Elderly/Long-Term Care

Antipsychotic use among the elderly boosts risk of stroke
The proportion of high-risk drugs used by the elderly declined when they gained Medicare Part D coverage
Care processes in nursing home and residential long-term care settings may benefit people with dementia
Self-reported vision impairment does not always predict disability in older adults when other factors are present

Comparative Effectiveness Research

Adherence interventions may help patients with hepatitis C
Certain medications are effective in reducing restless leg syndrome symptoms
More evidence is needed on biomarkers to detect iron deficiency anemia in CKD patients

AHRQ Stats

AHRQ Stats

News and Notes

AHRQ toolkit can help hospitals lower preventable readmissions
Initiative shows how health IT can advance patient-centered care


Guide to clinical preventive services now available
AHRQ publishes first evaluation highlight on CHIPRA quality demonstration grant program
AHRQ free online tutorials teach how to use HCUP data
New guide available for developing observational comparative effectiveness research
National Quality Strategy offers free communications toolkit
Register for April 25-26 Conference on Health Disparities Research at the Intersection of Race, Ethnicity, and Disability
Register for May 3 Conference on Advancing Quality Improvement Science for Children’s Healthcare Research
Register for May 8 HCUP Data Users’ Workshop

Research Briefs

Research Briefs

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AHRQ Publication No. 13-RA007
Current as of April 2013

Page last reviewed April 2013
Internet Citation: Research Activities April 2013, No. 392: April 2013, No. 392. April 2013. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.