Child Health Extramural Research by State and Country
Principal Investigator: Brent, Asplin
Title: Emergency Department Crowding: Causes and Consequences*
Institution: HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN
Project Dates: 03/01/02-02/28/07
Project No.: K08 HS13007
Summary: The aim of this Mentored Clinical Scientist Development Award is to determine the availability and time of outpatient appointments for medical and surgical conditions requiring urgent emergency department followup care according to insurance status. Project 1 of this study includes children, pregnant women, mentally disabled patients and elderly patients, who will interact with investigators to complete survey instruments addressing ED crowding and patients' outcomes.
Principal Investigator: Nyman, John
Title: Nationally Representative Quality-of-Life Weights*
Institution: Regents of the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Project Dates: 07/01/05-06/30/07
Project No.: R01 HS14097
Summary: The aims of the project are to (1) establish nationally representative health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) scores for the U.S. population and for subpopulations defined by age and gender; (2) establish nationally representative HRQOL scores for the U.S. population by health status measures such as activities of daily living, difficulty in seeing or hearing, and health conditions (e.g., diabetes, asthma, and presence of heart disease); and (3) estimate the relationship between rating health status and the HRQOL scores. This study will generate HRQOL weights for women, Americans by race, and American children.
Principal Investigator: Scal, Peter
Title: Entry into Adult Care for Youth with Chronic Conditions
Institution: University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN
Project Dates: 09/01/06-08/31/09
Project No.: K08 HS15511
Summary: This Mentored Clinical Scientist Development Award will compare: (1) delays in care, unmet needs, and their determinants between adolescents (14-17 years) and young adults (18-24 years) with chronic conditions using data from the National Health Interview Survey; and (2) factors associated with access to health care—specifically primary care services—between adolescents and young adults with chronic conditions using data from the Medical Expenditures Panel Survey (MEPS). The researcher will also compare health care utilization and expenditures between adolescents and young adults with chronic conditions, using MEPS data to evaluate the effect of insurance coverage loss on health care access, utilization, and expenditures. Women, children, racial and ethnic minority populations (Hispanic or Latino, American-Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, and Black or African American) will be included in this study.
Principal Investigator: Yawn, Barbara
Title: TRIP for Postpartum Depression (TRIPPD)*
Institution: Olmsted Medical Center, Rochester, MN
Project Dates: 09/30/05-09/29/10
Project No.: R01 HS14744
Summary: This randomized control trial will test the impact of translation of a universal screening and followup program for postpartum depression (PPD) versus usual care in family physician's offices. Screening will occur in the intervention arm at 4-8 weeks postpartum or at well infant visits with specific tools to facilitate diagnosis and follow-up for women who screen positive. Patient-oriented outcomes including the level of depressive symptoms, functional status, marital/dyad satisfaction and comfort with mothering will be assessed and compared in the usual care and intervention arms, at 6 and 12 months postpartum. The impact of practice and patient characteristics on the translation of the program and the outcomes of interest will also be explored. The study population will include community-based primary care practices in 2 practice-based research networks, representing 46 states and an ethnically, economically and geographically diverse group of postpartum women (Hispanic/Latino, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, and African-American).