Child Health Extramural Research by State and Country
Principal Investigator: Dorris, Patricia
Title: Rural Hospital Collaborative for Excellence Using IT*
Institution: Palo Pinto General Hospital, Mineral Wells, TX
Project Dates: 09/30/04-09/29/07
Project No.: UC1 HS015431
Summary: This project has three aims: (1) to implement web-based business intelligence tools, internet connectivity, and standardized national measures of patient safety and quality to improve delivery of care; (2) to implement advanced technology with an enriching educational intervention to support a committed patient safety and quality culture; (3) to conduct a randomized trial to evaluate the effects of technology and the incremental effects of an educational intervention on patient safety and quality. Participants in this study will include women, children, and minorities in Texas rural hospitals.
Principal Investigator: Garza, Raymond
Title: San Antonio Health Services Research (HSR) Program*
Institution: University of Texas, San Antonio, TX
Project Dates: 02/01/06-01/31/09
Project No.: R24 HS14064
Summary: A study in this HSR capacity-building program, "Enhancing Health-Conscious Attitudes and Behaviors among Hispanic Youth" will address major health issues that involve Hispanic children and youth. This project will focus on reducing the risks of chronic disease and promoting healthy attitudes and behaviors among preadolescent and adolescent Mexican-American children. Targeted behaviors include cigarette smoking, alcohol use, eating habits related to obesity and diabetes risk, and physical activity.
Principal Investigator: McCormick, David
Title: Otitis Media: Parent Education to Avoid Antibiotic Use
Institution: University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX
Project Dates: 03/01/00-02/28/03
Project No.: R01 HS10613
Summary: The goal of this project is to establish the safety, efficacy, cost, and acceptability of withholding antibiotics from children with mild acute otitis media and substituting nonantibiotic, symptomatic treatment, parent education, and careful followup of children with this common condition.
Principal Investigator: Moyer, Virginia A.
Title: Safe Passages: A Toolkit to Ensure Quality Transitions from the NICU to Ambulatory Care
Institution: Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Houston, TX
Project Dates: 09/30/08-09/29/11
Project No.: R18-HS017889
Summary: Infants born prematurely or with complex congenital abnormalities are surviving to discharge in growing numbers. This research project will develop and implement a package of evidence-based interventions to address all the necessary structural and process elements needed to achieve a safe passage for the fragile infant from the intensive care specialist in the hospital's neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to the primary care pediatrician in ambulatory care. This intervention package will include use of an electronic personal health record (PHR) to track the infant's health care and the communication between the infant's family, community pediatrician, and hospital specialists. The PHR will include specific instructions for recognizing and self-managing the most common problems in this pediatric patient population.
Principal Investigator: Stewart, Michael
Title: Validation of a Disease Specific Health Status Instrument
Institution: Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
Project Dates: 09/30/98-09/29/00
Project No.: R03 HS09829
Summary: The goal of the proposed research is to create a valid, reliable and sensitive disease-specific health status instrument for use in health services research of tonsil and adenoid (T&A) disease in children. The rationale for the research is the need to be able to objectively measure the impact of T&A disease on the quality of life of affected children. There are four specific aims to this project: (1) to define and develop relevant subscales to measure appropriate health status constructs in children with T&A disease; (2) to assess the internal consistency, reliability and test-retest reliability of the T&A health status instrument; (3) to assess the content, construct, and criterion validity of the T&A health status instrument using expert opinion, clinical data, existing health status instruments and objective measures of health status and utilization; and (4) to assess the response sensitivity of the T&A instrument to changes in clinical status.
Principal Investigator: Thomas, Eric J.
Title: Teamwork and Error in Neonatal Intensive Care
Institution: University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston, TX
Project Dates: 09/30/00-08/31/02
Project No.: U18 HS11164
Summary: This study will test the hypothesis that specific error management behaviors in teamwork are correlated with errors in delivering care to preterm infants during their initial resuscitation and during the first 90 minutes of care in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The study will: (1) conduct focus groups with NICU teams using an adaptation of the aviation model of teamwork and error; (2) analyze videotapes of a prospective cohort of preterm infants recorded during two critical periods; and (3) use the data derived from these activities to design an intervention to improve team behaviors and address elements of the organizational and professional culture that influence the frequency of use.