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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2004

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Racial and ethnic differences

Table 2.3a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: End Stage Renal Disease

Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
Black Asian NHOPI AI/AN >1 Race Hispanic
Management of End Stage Renal Diseaseiii
Hemodialysis patients with urea reduction ratio 65% or higher   = = =
Hemodialysis patients with hemoglobin 11 or higher = =   = =
Hemodialysis patients with arteriovenous fistula as primary mode of vascular access =   = =
Renal Transplantationiv
Dialysis patients registered on the waiting list for transplantation iv  
Persons receiving a kidney transplant within 3 years of date of renal failure iv  

iCompared with whites.
iiCompared with non-Hispanic whites.
iiiSource: CMS End Stage Renal Disease Clinical Performance Measures Project, 2002.
ivU.S. Renal Data System, 2001. This source did not collect information on Asians and NHOPIs separately but in aggregate as Asian or Pacific Islander. This source did not collect information for >1 race.

Key: NHOPI=Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN=American Indian or Alaska Native

Key to Symbols Used in Quality of Health Care Tables:
= : Group and comparison group receive about same quality of health care or have similar outcomes.
↑ : Group receives better quality of health care than the comparison group or has better outcomes.
↓ : Group receives poorer quality of health care than the comparison group or has worse outcomes.
Blank cell: Reliable estimate for group could not be made.



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