Skip Navigation U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Agency for Healthcare Research Quality
Archive print banner
National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2004

This information is for reference purposes only. It was current when produced and may now be outdated. Archive material is no longer maintained, and some links may not work. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing this information should contact us at: Let us know the nature of the problem, the Web address of what you want, and your contact information.

Please go to for current information.

Racial and ethnic differences

Table 2.7a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Effectiveness of Care: Mental Health

Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
Black Asian NHOPI AI/AN >1 Race Hispanic
Treatment of Depression
Suicide deaths per 100,000 populationiii iii  

iCompared with whites.
iiCompared with non-Hispanic whites.
iiiSource: National vital Statistics System-Mortality, 2001. This source did not collect information on Asians and NHOPIs seperately but in aggregate as Asians or Pacific Islander. This source did not collect information for >1 race. This source did not collect information on income or insurance
ivCompared with persons with family incomes 400% of Federal poverty thresholds or above.
vCompared with persons with any college education.
ivCompared with persons under 65 with any private health insurance.

Key: NHOPI=Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN=American Indian or Alaska Native; HS=high school.

Key to Symbols Used in Quality of Health Care Tables:
=: Group and comparison group receive about same quality of health care or have similar outcomes
↑Group receives better quality of health care than the comparison group or has better outcomes.
↓Group receives poorer quality of health care than the comparison group or has worse outcomes.
Blank cell: Reliable estimate for group could not be made.



The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.


AHRQ Advancing Excellence in Health Care