Skip Navigation U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Agency for Healthcare Research Quality
Archive print banner
National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2005

This information is for reference purposes only. It was current when produced and may now be outdated. Archive material is no longer maintained, and some links may not work. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing this information should contact us at: Let us know the nature of the problem, the Web address of what you want, and your contact information.

Please go to for current information.

Table 3.2a. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Health Care Utilization

Core Report Measure Racial Differencei Ethnic Differenceii
  Black Asianiii NHOPIiii AI/AN >1 Race Hispanic
Dental Care
Persons with a dental visit in the past yeariv =
Emergency Care
Emergency department visits per 100 populationv      
Avoidable Admissions
Admissions for perforated appendix per 1,000 admissions with appendicitisvi =    
Mental Health Care and Substance Abuse Treatment
Adults who received mental health treatment or counseling in the past yearvii   =
Persons age 12 and older who received illicit drug or alcohol abuse treatment in the past yearvii =       =

i Compared with Whites.
ii Compared with non-Hispanic Whites.
iii Findings are presented separately for Asians and NHOPI whenever possible. However, some data sources collected data for Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs) as a single population; in these cases, the Asian and NHOPI cells are merged into a single cell representing APIs.
iv Source: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002.
v Source: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey – Emergency Department, 2001-2002. Missing rates preclude analysis by ethnicity.
vi Source: HCUP SID disparities analysis file, 2002. This source categorizes race/ethnicity very differently from other sources. Race/ethnicity information is categorized as a single item: Non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander. These contrasts compare each group with non-Hispanic Whites.
vii Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003.
Key: NHOPI = Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.

Key to Symbols Used in Health Care Utilization Tables:

= Group and comparison group receive about same amount of health care.

↑ Group receives more health care than the comparison group.

↓ Group receives less health care than the comparison group.

Blank cell: Reliable estimate for group could not be made.



The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.


AHRQ Advancing Excellence in Health Care