Skip Navigation U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Agency for Healthcare Research Quality
Archive print banner
2003 National Healthcare Quality Report

This information is for reference purposes only. It was current when produced and may now be outdated. Archive material is no longer maintained, and some links may not work. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing this information should contact us at: Let us know the nature of the problem, the Web address of what you want, and your contact information.

Please go to for current information.

Table 1.81c: National Treatment of URI, 1997-1998

Rate antibiotic prescribed at visit with diagnosis of common cold by selected characteristics, United States, 1997-1998
Population group Total Rate per 10,000 Standard error
Total 232.53 24.94
0-17 381.70 51.96
18-44 180.49 27.07
45-64 146.10 29.16
65 and over 225.70 54.59
Female 251.89 28.62
Male 212.20 29.87
White 223.40 28.90
Black 259.33 70.65
Asian/Pacific DSU DSU
American Indian DSU DSU
Expected source of payment
Private 243.28 32.52
Medicare 169.53 44.87
Medicaid 470.92 127.48
Uninsured 132.29 30.43
Unknown DSU DSU
MSA 205.83 25.70
Non-MSA 335.72 71.63

Number of antibiotic courses ordered, supplied, administered, or continued at a specific visit for persons diagnosed with the common cold (ICD-9-CM codes 460.0, 465, or 472.0) per 10,000 population.

With one exception (Expected Source of Payment), rates are calculated using US Census Bureau monthly postcensal estimates of the civilian noninstitutional population as of July 1, 1999 and July 1, 2000 and are available at the Census Bureau Internet site: Figures have been adjusted for net underenumeration using the 1990 National Population Adjustment Matrix.

Rates for Expected Source of Payment are calculated using Current Population Survey (CPS) data for 1997 and 1998. CPS figures were obtained from AHRQ.

"Race" excludes multiple race.

For rates that use Census data as the denominator in this table, an estimate is reliable if the unweighted N is GE 30 and the RSE is LE 30

For rates that use CPS data as the denominator in this table (Expected Source of Payment), an estimate is reliable if the following three conditions are met:

1) frequency of unweighted numerator GE 30

2) RSE of the denominator < 0.05 and RSE numerator LE 0.30 or RSE of the numerator and the RSE of the denominator are both < 0.10

3) RSE of the ratio is LE 0.30

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality or confidentiality.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey.

Table 1.81b: National Treatment of URI, 1998-1999 Table 1.82: National Management of Asthma, 1999-2000

Return to Tables Appendix
Return to Contents


The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.


AHRQ Advancing Excellence in Health Care