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2003 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.

Measure Source

Healthy People 2010, measure 16-4.


1.51a Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, United States, 2000.

1.51b Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, United States, 1999.

1.51c Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, by state, 2000.

1.51d Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, by state, 1999.

Data Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), National Vital Statistics System - Linked Birth and Infant Death Data.


Resident live births.


Number of female deaths due to obstetric causes (ICD-10 codes O00 – O95, O98 – O99) within 42 days of a pregnancy.


Caution should be used when comparing these data with pregnancy-related mortality rates from other reports. NCHS uses the definition of maternal mortality and related coding conventions recommended in the ICD-9 by the World Health Organization. Other definitions may use different time intervals from pregnancy to death and may be more inclusive with regard to cause of death.

A description of the maternal mortality measurement has been published by NCHS. 1990-based postcensal population estimates were used to calculate death rates. Future reports will present rates based on intercensal population estimates for 1998 and 1999 and bridged-race population estimates for 2000 and subsequent years.

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