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2003 National Healthcare Quality Report

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Birth trauma.

Measure Source

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Patient Safety Indicators.


2.1 Birth trauma injury per 1,000 live births (excluding preterm and osteogenesis imperfecta births), by patient and hospital characteristics, United States, 2000.

Data Source

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Nationwide Inpatient Sample.


U.S. live birth discharges, excluding preterm and osteogenesis imperfecta births.


Subset of denominator with any diagnosis of birth trauma.


Rates are adjusted by gender.

Although not all states participate in the HCUP database, it is weighted to give national estimates using weights based on all U.S. community, non-rehabilitation hospitals in the American Hospital Association Annual Survey of Hospitals.

This table was created using a beta-test version of the AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators software dated July 2002 that differs from the AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators software currently available on the AHRQ Web site. This measure is referred to as indicator 17 in the AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators software documentation.

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