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Table 1.54
Percent of adults age 18 and over with hypertension whose blood pressure is under control,a United States, 1988-1994 and 1999-2004
Population group 1999-2004 1988-1994
Percent Standard error Percent Standard error
Total   31.6 1.6 23.1 1.4
Age, not age adjusted 18-39 23.8 2.9 DNA DNA
40-59 39.5 1.9 DNA DNA
60 and over 33.5 1.2 DNA DNA
Gender Male 30.4 1.7 32.0 2.5
Female 36.2 2.8 17.0 1.6
Ethnicity Mexican American 20.7 2.8 15.4 1.9
Non-Hispanic, Black 29.2 1.6 22.2 1.5
Non-Hispanic, White 33.1 2.2 23.8 1.8
Family incomeb Negative/poor 28.3 3.8 DNA DNA
Near poor/low 28.9 3.2 DNA DNA
Middle 30.0 2.6 DNA DNA
High 37.8 3.4 DNA DNA
Education, age 20 and over Less than high school 27.6 2.3 DNA DNA
High school graduate 33.3 2.3 DNA DNA
Some college 35.4 2.1 DNA DNA

a Percents are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population, except where indicated, using 3 age groups: 18-39, 40-59, 60 and over. Hypertension is defined as either having elevated blood pressure (average systolic pressure of at least 140 mm Hg or average diastolic pressure of at least 90 mm Hg) or taking antihypertension medication. Blood pressure under control is defined as average systolic blood pressure less than 140 mm Hg and average diastolic blood pressure less than 90 mm Hg based on average of 3 measurements and taking antihypertension medication.

b Negative/poor refers to household incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.

DNA - Data have not been analyzed.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.


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