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Spotlight on AHRQ's health care research scholars

We are pleased to announce the recent achievements of current and former scholars who received support for their research education from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality through our National Research Service Award (NRSA) institutional training grants program. We are very proud of these accomplishments and will continue to share these highlights in the future. These accomplishments point to the bright future ahead for health services research and the individuals who have already begun to lead the way toward meeting the new challenges that will arise in the years ahead.

If you are a former scholar whose research education was supported by AHRQ or its predecessor agency (the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, AHCPR, or the National Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology Assessment, NCHSR) and you would like to be mentioned in an upcoming issue of Research Activities, please send a message with appropriate information to our E-mail: training@ahrq.gov. In particular, we are eager to hear about how your research findings have been translated into practice or how your research has affected health care in the United States. We look forward to hearing from you.

Scholar trained at Harvard University

Recent publication

Chapman, R.H., (former fellow) Stone, P.W., Sandberg, E.A., and others. "A comprehensive league table of cost-utility ratios and a sub-table of 'panel-worthy' AHRQ's studies." October-December 2000, Medical Decision Making 20:451-467.

Scholars trained at New England Medical Center

Recent presentations

Michael L. Dansinger, M.D., presented "Effectiveness of four dietary treatment strategies for metabolic syndrome: A prospective randomized trial," at the following conferences: AHRQ NRSA 2000 Trainees Research Conference, Los Angeles, CA, June, 2000; 2000 Charleton Poster Competition, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, October, 2000; and 8th Annual Research Celebration, Lifespan Rhode Island, Providence, RI, September, 2000.

Catherine E. Milch, M.D., presented, "A comparison of two primary care interventions to improve smoking cessation rates," at the following conferences: AHRQ NRSA 2000 Trainees Research Conference, Los Angeles, CA, June, 2000; 2000 Charleton Poster Competition, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, October, 2000; and 8th Annual Research Celebration, Lifespan Rhode Island, Providence, RI, September, 2000.

Harry Moskowitz, M.D., presented "Characteristics and trends in adolescent assault victims: A comparison between females and males," at the following conferences: AHRQ NRSA 2000 Trainees Research Conference, Los Angeles, CA, June, 2000; 2000 Charleton Poster Competition, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, October, 2000; 8th Annual Research Celebration, Lifespan Rhode Island, Providence, RI, September, 2000; and Pediatric Academic Societies and American Academy of Pediatrics Joint Meeting, Boston, MA, September, 2000.

John M. Ogren, M.D., "CDC-MCO study on the incidence of intussusception after use of the rotavirus vaccine," led the participation of Tufts Associated Health Plans in the national project and will be listed as an author on a forthcoming article planned for publication in 2001.

Panos S. Savvides, M.D., presented "A predictive instrument for the need for dose intensity in chemotherapy for patients with breast cancer: A potential decision aid for the use of myeloid growth factors," at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research, San Francisco, CA, September, 2000.

Scholars trained at the University of Pennsylvania

Recent appointments

Li-Wei Chao, M.D., M.A., Assistant Professor, Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Center for Outcomes Research, the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Bradley J. Herring, Ph.D., Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health Policy Scholar, Institute for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University.

Raynard S. Kington, M.D., Ph.D., Associate Director for Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, National Institutes of Health.

Allison M. Percy, Ph.D., Postdoctoral Fellow, Veterans Administration, Philadelphia, PA.

Robert DeGraaff, M.B.A., Assistant Professor, Department of Health Management and Informatics, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia.

Steven Walston, Ph.D., Director, Graduate Programs in Health Administration, Indiana University.

Recent publications

Burns, L.R., Connolly T., and Degraaff, R. (former fellow). "The impact of physicians' perceptions of malpractice and adaptive changes on intention to cease obstetrical practice," Journal of Rural Health, 15(2), pp. 134-146, 1999.

Burns, L.R., DeGraaff, R. (former fellow), and Singh, H. "Determinants of for-profit acquisition of physician group practices," Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, in press.

Christakis, N. Death Foretold: Prophecy and Prognosis in Medical Care. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Danzon, P.M. and Percy, A. (former fellow). "The effect of price regulation on productivity in the pharmaceutical industry." Studies in Income and Productivity, A. Heston and R. Lipsey, eds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Danzon, P.M. and Chao, L. (former fellow). "Cross-national price differences for pharmaceuticals: How large and why?" Journal of Health Economics, 19(2), pp. 159-195, 2000.

Danzon, P.M. and Chao, L. (former fellow). Prices, Competition and Regulation in Pharmaceuticals: A Cross-National Comparison. London: Office of Health Economics, in press.

Luke, R., Begun, J., and Walston, S. (former fellow). "Strategy making in health care organizations," in Health Care Management: Organization Design and Behavior, 4th Edition, S. Shortell and A. Kaluzny, eds. Albany, NY: Delmar Publishers, 2000.

Pauly, M., Percy, A. (former fellow), Herring, B. (former fellow), and Rosenbloom, J. "What would happen if large firms offered MSAs?" May/June 2000 Health Affairs, 19(3), pp. 165-172.

Pauly, M.V. and Herring, B.J. (former fellow). "An efficient employer strategy for dealing with adverse selection in multiple plan offerings: An MSA example." July 2000 Journal of Health Economics, 19(4), pp. 513-528.

Pauly, M.V. and Herring, B. (former fellow). Pooling Health Insurance Risks. Washington: AEI Press, 1999.

Pauly, M.V. and Percy, A.M. (former fellow). "Cost and performance: A comparison of the individual and group health insurance markets." February 2000 Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law, 25(1), pp. 9-26.

Urden, L. and Walston, S. (former fellow). "Outcomes of hospital restructuring and reengineering: How is success or failure being measured?" Journal of Nursing Administration, in press.

Walston, S. (former fellow), Burns, L.R., and Kimberly, J.R. (former fellow). "Does reengineering really work? An examination of the content and outcomes of hospital reengineering programs." February 2000 Health Services Research, 34(6), pp. 1363-1388.

Walston, S. (former fellow), Kimberly, J.R. (former fellow), and Burns, L.R. "The antecedents and structure of reengineering programs: Impact of institutional and economic forces." Medical Care Research and Review, in press.

Walston, S. (former fellow), "Majority of U.S. hospitals continue reengineering." AARP feature, August 2000.

Walston, S. (former fellow), Urden, L., and Sullivan, P. "Hospital reengineering: A changing management innovation. Where did it come from? What is its status? And where is it going?" Journal of Health and Human Services, in press.

Scholars trained at the University of Wisconsin

Recent publications and presentations

Ben Craig (with Koc, D.). "Vice President Al Gore's health care agenda and the utilization of medical services: An empirical analysis." October 27, 2000 Medscape General Medicine.

Ben Craig, abstract and podium presentation, "Dollars per pound: A cost-effectiveness analysis of obesity treatments," at the 22nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Medical Decision Making in Cincinnati, OH, September 24-27, 2000. Craig, B.M., Tseng, D.S., and Moore, D.M. Medical Decision Making 20:493, 2000 [abstract].

Natasha Stout, abstract and poster presentation, "The cost-effectiveness of a newborn screening program for cystic fibrosis," at the Society of Medical Decision Making. Stout, N.K., Nizamuddin, H.M., and Ngorsuraches, S. Medical Decision Making 20:483, 2000 [abstract].

Ralph Insinga, abstract and poster presentation, "A cost-effectiveness analysis of newborn screening using tandem mass spectrometry," at the Society of Medical Decision Making. Insinga, R.P., Griffths, J.B., and McRae, D.C. Medical Decision Making 20:478, 2000 [abstract].

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