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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2013

Chapter 10: Text Descriptions

Figure 10.1. People under age 65 with health insurance, by race and sex, 2000-2012

Race / Sex 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
White 84.6% 85.1% 84.5% 84.0% 83.9% 84.1% 83.3% 83.7% 83.3% 82.9% 82.4% 83.3% 83.3%
Black 80.5% 81.2% 81.2% 81.6% 82.4% 81.6% 81.9% 83.0% 82.0% 81.1% 79.4% 81.0% 82.0%
Asian 82.4% 82.7% 82.6% 81.8% 83.5% 82.9% 85.0% 84.6% 86.1% 83.8% 82.9% 83.5% 83.2%
NHOPI 72.4% 86.3% 74.9% 88.0% 89.8% 80.4% 80.1% 69.4% 77.4% 73.2% 75.6% 77.3% 87.9%
AI/AN 61.6% 66.9% 60.9% 65.0% 65.4% 67.8% 62.0% 61.2% 71.6% 67.5% 56.0% 65.8% 73.0%
>1 Race 83.2% 83.4% 82.4% 84.0% 87.7% 83.5% 81.6% 85.0% 84.2% 81.8% 84.2% 84.0% 85.5%
Male 81.9% 82.5% 81.6% 82.3% 82.1% 82.1% 81.2% 81.8% 81.7% 80.6% 79.7% 81.2% 81.5%
Female 84.1% 84.7% 84.8% 84.7% 85.1% 85.0% 84.7% 84.9% 84.6% 84.3% 83.9% 84.4% 84.6%
Total 83.0% 83.6% 83.2% 83.5% 83.6% 83.6% 83.0% 83.4% 83.2% 82.5% 81.8% 82.8% 83.1%

Key: AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native; NHOPI = Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), 2000-2012.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population under age 65.
Note: NHIS respondents are asked about health insurance coverage at the time of interview. Respondents are considered insured if they have private health insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, State Children's Health Insurance Program, a State-sponsored health plan, other government-sponsored health plan, or a military health plan. If their only coverage is through the Indian Health Service, they are not considered insured.ii Estimates are not age adjusted.

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Figure 10.2. People under age 65 who were uninsured all year, by income and sex, 2002-2011

Income / Sex 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
High Income 5.2% 6.3% 6.0% 6.2% 5.7% 6.6% 7.0% 6.2% 6.5% 5.9%
Middle Income 13.0% 12.7% 13.7% 13.9% 15.5% 15.8% 14.9% 15.1% 14.4% 14.0%
Low Income 24.9% 24.8% 23.8% 24.3% 24.5% 26.4% 25.0% 26.1% 25.2% 24.0%
Poor 23.9% 23.9% 25.0% 24.3% 23.7% 25.2% 27.0% 26.5% 24.3% 23.0%
Total 13.4% 13.7% 14.0% 14.1% 14.3% 15.2% 15.4% 15.5% 15.0% 14.5%
Male 15.0% 15.6% 16.1% 16.1% 16.4% 17.4% 17.5% 17.5% 17.3% 16.3%
Female 11.8% 11.8% 12.0% 12.1% 12.2% 13.0% 13.3% 13.5% 12.8% 12.6%

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002-2011.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population under age 65.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better.

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Figure 10.3. Predicted percentages of adults ages 18-64 who were uninsured all year, by race, age, sex, family income, and education, 2002-2010

  Percent
White 17.7
Black 16
Asian 17.9
NHOPI 10.9
AI/AN 22.2
18-44 18.8
45-64 15.1
Male 20.6
Female 14.4
Poor 32.4
Low Income 30.3
Middle Income 16.7
High Income 7.5
<High School 24.4
High School Grad 18.8

Key: AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native; NHOPI = Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.
Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, pooled 2002-2010 Full Year files.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better. Predicted percentages are predicted marginals from a logistic regression model that includes the covariates race, age, sex, family income, and education. Predicted percentages for multiple races did not meet criteria for data reliability and are not reported.

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Figure 10.4. People under age 65 who were uninsured all year, Hispanics and Asians, California, 2011/2012 combined

 

  Percent
Hispanic Total 19.7
Mexican 19.8
Central American 24.7
South American 16.1
Non-Hispanic White 7.9
All Asian 9.8
Chinese 8.1
Filipino 6.3
Korean 28.3
Vietnamese 10.8
South Asian 7.5

Source: University of California, Los Angeles, Center for Health Policy Research, California Health Interview Survey, 2011/12.
Denominator: Hispanic and Asian civilian noninstitutionalized population ages 0-64 in California.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better.

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Figure 10.5. People under age 65 whose family's health insurance premium and out-of-pocket medical expenses were more than 10% of total family income, by race and income, 2006-2011

 

Year White Black Asian AI/AN >1 Race High  Income Middle  Income Low  Income Poor Total
2006 18.0% 15.7% 12.7% 24.5% 14.3% 8.2% 18.8% 23.6% 33.9% 17.5%
2007 16.8% 14.3% 16.0% 9.9% 15.2% 6.7% 18.7% 23.6% 29.6% 16.3%
2008 17.8% 14.7% 14.7% 16.3% 19.0% 6.7% 20.2% 25.3% 29.1% 17.3%
2009 17.9% 14.7% 15.0% 20.6% 18.3% 7.3% 19.1% 25.1% 29.2% 17.4%
2010 18.1% 14.9% 16.5% 15.8% 18.7% 8.2% 20.5% 23.9% 26.3% 17.6%
2011 17.9% 15.3% 16.2% 14.9% 19.6% 7.6% 19.2% 25.3% 26.6% 17.5%

Key: AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2006-2011.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population under age 65.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better. Total financial burden includes premiums and out-of-pocket costs for health care services.

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Figure 10.6. People with a specific source of ongoing care, by income and ethnicity/race, 2012

Income / Ethnicity / Race Percent
Total 85.9
Poor 78.3
Low Income 80.6
Middle Income 86.5
High Income 92.0
Hispanic 76.8
Black 84.8
AI/AN 82.3
Asian 84.0
White 88.6

Key: AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 2012.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population of all ages.
Note: A hospital emergency room is not included as a specific source of ongoing care. White and Black are non-Hispanic. Hispanic includes all races.

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Figure 10.7. People with a usual primary care provider, by race and age, 2002-2011

Race / Age White Black Asian AI/AN >1 Race Total 0-17 18-44 45-64 65+
2002 78.1% 74.9% 69.3% 73.1% 75.7% 77.3% 86.9% 64.9% 80.7% 90.2%
2003 78.5% 73.4% 71.3% 79% 78.6% 77.6% 88.1% 64.3% 81.4% 89.8%
2004 78.1% 73.3% 75.2% 78.5% 77.9% 77.4% 88.7% 63.8% 80.2% 90.7%
2005 77.5% 71.9% 70.2% 79.3% 77% 76.6% 87.9% 62.6% 79.9% 89.8%
2006 78.7% 75.4% 64.7% 80.1% 75.5% 77.6% 89.5% 63.2% 80.8% 91.1%
2007 77.2% 73.3% 69.4% 72% 77.1% 76.3% 87.5% 61.5% 80.1% 90.6%
2008 76.3% 72.2% 71.7% 79.7% 77.6% 75.6% 86.8% 60.8% 78.8% 90.1%
2009 76.7% 72.7% 68.4% 80.1% 77.7% 75.9% 88% 61.1% 78.4% 89.5%
2010 77.6% 72.8% 72.2% 80.7% 80.2% 76.8% 87.9% 62.4% 79.5% 90.2%
2011 78.3% 73.1% 70.5% 77.2% 83.9% 77.3% 89.8% 61.8% 80.4% 90.2%

Key: AI/AN = American Indian/ Alaska Native.
Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002-2011.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population of all ages.
Note: A usual primary care provider is defined as the source of care that a person usually goes to for new health problems, preventive health care, and referrals to other health professionals.

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Figure 10.8. People who were unable to get or delayed in getting needed medical care, dental care, or prescription medicines in the last 12 months, by ethnicity/race and age, 2002-2011

Ethnicity / Race / Age White Black Asian AI/AN >1 Race Total 0-17 18-44 45-64 65+
2002 11.1% 9.8% 6.2% 13.6% 17.5% 10.9% 5.7% 13.1% 13.8% 9.3%
2003 11% 11.6% 6.8% 15.9% 16.7% 11% 6.6% 12.8% 13.8% 9.2%
2004 11% 11.4% 5% 14.3% 18% 11% 5.5% 12.9% 14.2% 9.6%
2005 11.5% 11.1% 7% 16.2% 16.3% 11.4% 6.3% 13% 14.4% 10.6%
2006 11.7% 12.2% 6.4% 16.6% 17.2% 11.7% 6% 13.5% 15.2% 10.5%
2007 10.3% 9.3% 5.5% 8.4% 10.9% 10% 5.4% 11.6% 12.7% 8.6%
2008 10.6% 9.2% 6.1% 10.2% 12.7% 10.2% 4.7% 11.5% 14.3% 8.9%
2009 11.6% 10.2% 6.5% 8.1% 10.9% 11.1% 5% 12.8% 15% 10.4%
2010 10.5% 9.9% 7.7% 10.1% 11.1% 10.3% 3.5% 12.1% 14.1% 10.3%
2011 10.5% 10.7% 7.3% 16.1% 11.8% 10.4% 4.4% 11.6% 14.6% 10%

Key: AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002-2011.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population of all ages.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better. In 2011, 10.4% of people were unable to get or delayed in getting needed medical care, dental care, or prescription medicines.

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Page last reviewed May 2014
Page originally created May 2014
Internet Citation: Chapter 10: Text Descriptions. Content last reviewed May 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. https://archive.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhdr13/chap10-txt.html

 

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