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National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2013

Chapter 11: Text Descriptions

Figure 11.1. People living with disability, by age, sex, 2012, and economic status, 2010 and 2012

Financial Status of People with Disabilities Percent
Severe Disability: Received Public Assistance 59.0
Nonsevere Disability: Received Public Assistance 22.9
Below Poverty Level 22.1
100-149% of Poverty Level 14.4
People with Disabilities Percent
Total 12.2
<5 0.8
5-17 5.3
18-64 10.1
65+ 35.9
Male 12.0
Female 12.4
Employment Status of People with Disabilities Percent
Ages 18-64 and Employed 33.0
Age 16+ With Earnings greater or equal to $100 4.1

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 1-year estimates, 2012.
Note: Earnings data are taken from Disability employment 7A. Detailed census occupation by disability status, employment status (employed, total), earnings (8), sex, and race/ethnicity, Total population, number. Universe: civilian population 16 years and over. DOL Disability Employment Tabulation 2008-2010 (3-year ACS data). Available at: http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/EEO/10_3YR/DOLALL7AN. Public assistance data are for ages 15-64 in 2010. Detailed data are available in Brault MW. Americans with disabilities: 2010, Current Population Reports, P70-131, Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau; 2012. Poverty level data are for people age 16 and over.

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Figure 11.2. Medicare FFS beneficiaries by number of chronic conditions, age and sex, and race/ethnicity, 2010

 

Number of chronic conditions Total <65 65-74 75-84 85+ Male Female White Black API Hispanic
0 or 1 32% 47% 37% 23% 17% 35% 29% 31% 31% 32% 34%
2 or 3 32% 28% 34% 33% 29% 30% 34% 33% 30% 33% 28%
4 or 5 23% 17% 20% 27% 29% 22% 23% 23% 23% 23% 22%
6+ 14% 9% 9% 18% 25% 13% 15% 14% 16% 11% 16%

Key: API = Pacific Islander
Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Chronic conditions and Medicare beneficiaries: chartbook, 2012 edition.
Note: White, Black, and API are non-Hispanic. Hispanic includes all races.

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Figure 11.3. Medicare FFS beneficiaries by number of ED visits and number of chronic conditions, 2010

 

Number of Chronic Conditions 0 ED Visits 1 ED Visit 2 ED Visits 3+ ED Visits
Total 68% 18% 7% 7%
0 or 1 86% 10% 2% 2%
2 or 3 75% 17% 5% 4%
4 or 5 59% 24% 9% 8%
6+ 30% 26% 17% 27%

Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Chronic conditions and Medicare beneficiaries: chartbook, 2012 edition.

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Figure 11.4. Hospital admissions with a readmission within 30 days for Medicare FFS beneficiaries, by number of chronic conditions, age, and sex, 2010

Number of Chronic Conditions All FFS Beneficiaries <65 65+ Male Female
0 or 1 9% 11% 7% 10% 8%
2 or 3 10% 16% 8% 11% 9%
4 or 5 14% 20% 13% 15% 13%
6+ 25% 32% 24% 27% 24%

Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Chronic conditions and Medicare beneficiaries: chartbook, 2012 edition.

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Figure 11.5. Heart failure admissions for Medicare FFS beneficiaries, by number of chronic conditions, age and sex, and race/ethnicity, 2011

  0 or 1 2 or 3 4 or 5 6+
Total (per 100,000) 9 97 825 8,203
<65 (per 100,000) 8 110 895 8,260
65+ (per 100,000) 9 94 814 8,195
Male (per 100,000) 9 109 914 9,069
Female (per 100,000) 9 87 757 7,584
White (per 100,000) 9 90 779 7,885
Black (per 100,000) 14 178 1,360 11,239
API (per 100,000) 7 62 531 6,480
AI/AN (per 100,000) 0 140 1,037 8,739
Hispanic (per 100,000) 7 79 658 7,384

Key: API = Asian or Pacific Islander; AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Medicare beneficiary enrollment and claims for both institutional and noninstitutional settings available from the CMS Chronic Conditions Data Warehouse (CCW), www.ccwdata.org.
Note: White, Black, API, and AI/AN are non-Hispanic. Hispanic includes all races. Data for AI/ANs with zero or one chronic condition did not meet criteria for statistical reliability.

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Figure 11.6. Admissions for long-term complications of diabetes for Medicare FFS beneficiaries, by number of chronic conditions, age and sex, and race/ethnicity, 2011

  0 or 1 2 or 3 4 or 5 6+
Total (per 100,000) 5 68 363 1,759
<65 (per 100,000) 13 230 1,316 5,141
65+ (per 100,000) 3 37 217 1,307
Male (per 100,000) 7 99 473 2,140
Female (per 100,000) 3 45 279 1,486
White (per 100,000) 4 48 254 1,350
Black (per 100,000) 11 189 967 3,787
API (per 100,000) 2 46 318 1,607
AI/AN (per 100,000) 22 229 1,116 3,787
Hispanic (per 100,000) 10 149 770 3,076

Key: API = Asian or Pacific Islander; AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Medicare beneficiary enrollment and claims for both institutional and noninstitutional settings available from the CMS Chronic Conditions Data Warehouse (CCW), www.ccwdata.org.
Note: White, Black, API, and AI/AN are non-Hispanic. Hispanic includes all races. Data for APIs with zero or one chronic condition did not meet criteria for statistical reliability.

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Figure 11.7. Individuals ages 12 and older seen by their primary care provider or a psychiatrist in the last 12 months for problems with mental health or use of alcohol or drugs, by sexual orientation, insurance status, family income, and English proficiency, California, 2009

  Straight / Heterosexual Gay / Lesbian / Bisexual
Perceived need for professional mental health or substance abuse counseling  
Total 16.1 37.2
Private 15.1 36.7
Public 23.1 48.6
Uninsured 15.3 28.9
Poor 17.8 37.8
Low Income 17.7 43.5
Middle 16.1 34.0
High 14.9 35.7
English Only 19.0 39.6
Well/Very Well 14.0 33.7
Not Well/Not at all 10.2 30.0
Received treatment by primary care provider or psychiatrist for mental health or substance abuse problem  
Total 12.2 28.2
Private 11.9 29.4
Public 20.3 37.4
Uninsured 8.0 16.8
Poor 13.7 27.7
Low Income 12.9 28.6
Middle 11.9 37.2
High 11.6 26.1
English Only 15.0 31.5
Well/Very Well 10.7 24.8
Not Well/Not at all 6.1 NA

 

Source: University of California, Los Angeles, Center for Health Policy Research, California Health Interview Survey, 2009.
Note: Data for Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual who received treatment is not available for individuals who did not speak English well or at all.

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Figure 11.8. Delayed in getting medical care due to cost or lack of health insurance, by sexual orientation, insurance status, and residence location, 2009

  Straight / Heterosexual Gay / Lesbian / Bisexual
Total 59.0 62.7
Private 41.4 47.0
Public 60.8 64.6
Uninsured 91.3 NA
Urban 58.6 63.1
Rural 62.6 58.9

Source: University of California, Los Angeles, Center for Health Policy Research, California Health Interview Survey, 2009.
Note: Data for uninsured gay/lesbian/bisexual are statistically unreliable.

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Page last reviewed May 2014
Page originally created May 2014
Internet Citation: Chapter 11: Text Descriptions. Content last reviewed May 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. https://archive.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhdr13/chap11-txt.html

 

The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.

 

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