This information is for reference purposes only. It was current when produced and may now be outdated. Archive material is no longer maintained, and some links may not work. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing this information should contact us at: https://info.ahrq.gov. Let us know the nature of the problem, the Web address of what you want, and your contact information.
Colorectal Cancer Prevention. U.S. National Institutes of Health. National Cancer Institute. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/prevention/colorectal/Patient/page3#Keypoint3. Last updated June 25, 2007. Accessed April 8, 2008.
U.S. Renal Data System. USRDS 2007 Annual data report: atlas of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease in the United States. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; 1997-2006.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service. Centers for Disease Control, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Office on Smoking and Health. DHHS Publication No. (CDC) 90-8416. 1990.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Overweight and obesity. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/. Accessed May 3, 2006.
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for obesity in adults: recommendations and rationale. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2003.
Diaz VA, Mainous 3rd AG, Koopman RJ, et al. Undiagnosed obesity: implications for undiagnosed hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia. Fam Med 2004 Oct;36(9):639-44.
Calfas KJ, Long BJ, Sallis JF, et al. A controlled trial of physician counseling to promote the adoption of physical activity. Prev Med 1996 May-Jun; 225-33.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2006. Vol. 18. Atlanta (GA): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2008. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/reports/. Accessed May 21, 2008.
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention. HIV and AIDS in the United States: picture of today's epidemic. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/united_states.htm. Accessed September 16, 2008.
AIDS Education & Training Centers. Opportunistic infection prophylaxis. [From the Clinical Management of the HIV-infected Adult Manual, a product of the AIDS Education & Training Centers National Resource Center.] Updated July 2006. Available at: http://www.aidsetc.org/aidsetc?page=cm-207_ oipx. Accessed May 6, 2007.
Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Sutton PD, et al. Births: final data for 2005. National Vital Statistics Reports; 56(6). Hyattsville, (MD): National Center for Health Statistics; 2007. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr56/nvsr56_06.pdf. Accessed April 1, 2008.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Total health services—mean and median expenses per person with expense and distribution of expenses by source of payment: United States, 2002. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey component data. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2005.
Krebs NF, Jacobson MS. Prevention of pediatric overweight and obesity. Pediatrics 2003 Aug;112(2): 424-30.
U.S. Department of Transportation. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. National Center for Statistics and Analysis. Traffic safety facts. 2006 traffic safety annual assessment—alcohol-related fatalities. August 2007.
Mark TL, Levit KR, Coffey RM, et al. National Expenditures for Mental Health Services and Substance Abuse Treatment, 1993-2003 SAMHSA Publication No. SMA 07-4227. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2007.
Lave J. The cost offset effect. In: Fogel BS, Furino A, Gottlieb GL, eds. Mental health policy for older Americans: protecting minds at risk. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press; 1990. p. 125-134.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. The common cold: overview. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/commoncold/pages/overview.aspx. Accessed July 16, 2010.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Office of Communications and Public Liaison. Pneumococcal pneumonia: cause. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/pneumonia/pages/cause.aspx. Accessed July 16, 2010.
Fendrick AM, Monto AS, Nightengale B, et al. The economic burden of non-influenza-related viral respiratory tract infection in the United States. Arch Intern Med 2003 Feb 24;163(4):487-94.
Nash DR, Harman J, Wald ER, et al. Antibiotic prescribing by primary care physicians for children with upper respiratory tract infections. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2002 Nov;156(11): 1114-9.
Perz JF, Craig AS, Coffey CS, et al. Changes in antibiotic prescribing for children after a community-wide campaign. JAMA 2002 Jun 19;287:3101-9.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Tuberculosis. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/tuberculosis/Pages/Default.aspx. Accessed July 16, 2010.
Nursing Home Data Compendium. 2007 ed. Table 2.1: Characteristics of nursing home residents in the United States, 2006. OSCAR and MDS. Available at: http://www.cms.hhs.gov/CertificationandComplianc/Downloads/2007NursingHomeDataCompendium_508.pdf. Accessed July 17, 2008.
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Office of Information Services. Table 6.8: Number and distribution of covered admissions for Medicare beneficiaries admitted to skilled nursing facilities (SNF), by the leading principal diagnoses: calendar years 1998, 2000, and 2005. Data from the Medicare Data Extract System; data development by the Office of Research, Development, and Information. Available at: http://www.cms.hhs.gov/MedicareMedicaidStatSupp/downloads/Table6.8.pdf. Accessed July 17, 2008.
Field MJ, Cassell CK, eds. Approaching death: improving care at the end of life. Committee on Care at the End of Life, Division of Health Care Services, Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1997.
Connor SR, Teno J, Spence C, et al. Family evaluation of hospice care: results from voluntary submission of data via website. J Pain Symptom Manage 2005 Jul;30(1):9-17.
Current as of March 2009
Internet Citation: Chapter 2. Effectiveness (continued, 4): National Healthcare Quality Report, 2008.
March 2009. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://archive.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqr08/Chap2d.html
The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.