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2011 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports

The National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) is a comprehensive national overview of quality of health care in the United States. It is organized around four dimensions of quality of care: effectiveness, patient safety, timeliness, and patient centeredness.

Table 12_1_5.2
Postoperative sepsis per 1,000 elective-surgery admissions of length 4 or more days,a age 18 and over,b by race/ethnicity, United States, 2008
  TotalWhiteBlackAPIHispanic, all races
Population groupRateSERateSERateSERateSERateSE
65 and over18.
  85 and over23.70.722.80.831.32.6DSUDSU28.53.6
Median income of patient's ZIP CodeFirst quartile (lowest income)
Second quartile14.
Third quartile15.30.314.90.316.
Fourth quartile (highest income)14.80.314.40.324.
Location of patient residenceLarge central metropolitan15.
Large fringe metropolitan15.
Medium metropolitan16.10.315.80.318.
Small metropolitan15.20.414.70.418.11.4DSUDSU16.11.9
Expected payment sourcePrivate insurance13.
Other insurance13.40.712.60.917.72.0DSUDSU12.22.0
Uninsured/self-pay/no charge11.00.811.
Region of inpatient treatmentNortheast13.30.312.90.316.
Ownership/control of hospitalPrivate, not for profit15.
Private, for profit16.40.316.20.319.40.912.62.816.20.9
Teaching status of hospitalTeaching15.
Location of hospitalLarge central metropolitan16.
Large fringe metropolitan15.80.315.00.321.90.817.52.416.41.5
Medium metropolitan15.50.315.20.316.
Small metropolitan14.80.414.60.418.91.3DSUDSU16.12.0
Bed size of hospitalLess than 10013.60.413.00.418.81.517.33.715.11.6
500 or more16.

a. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Patient Safety Indicators (PSI) software requires that the sepsis be reported as a secondary diagnosis (rather than the principal diagnosis), but unlike the AHRQ PSI software, the secondary diagnosis could be present on admission. In addition, the sepsis is not verifiable as following surgery. Consistent with the AHRQ PSI software, the following cases are excluded: admissions with a principal diagnosis of infection, admissions with cancer or in an immunocompromised state, and obstetric admissions.

b. Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, comorbidities, major diagnostic category (MDC), diagnosis-related group (DRG), and transfers into the hospital. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender, comorbidities, MDC, DRG, and transfers into the hospital; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age, comorbidities, MDC, DRG, and transfers into the hospital. The AHRQ PSI software was modified to not use the present on admission (POA) indicators (or estimates of the likelihood of POA for secondary diagnosis).

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2007, and AHRQ Quality Indicators, modified version 4.1. The analysis file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 31 States: Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.


Page last reviewed October 2014
Internet Citation: T12_1_5_2: 2011 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.


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