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2011 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports

The National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) is a comprehensive national overview of quality of health care in the United States. It is organized around four dimensions of quality of care: effectiveness, patient safety, timeliness, and patient centeredness.

Table 15_3_1.1
Doctor's office, emergency department, and outpatient department visits where antibiotics were prescribed for a diagnosis of common cold, per 10,000 population,a United States, 2005-2009
Population groupNumberRateSENumberRateSENumberRateSENumberRateSE
Total 457122.614.5471148.414.1450141.915.3432145.119.0
RacebWhite only333120.316.3333135.517.3339132.618.1335149.623.5
Black only100152.931.2103176.043.486160.84978116.634.3
Location of patient residenceMSA348109.615.1358143.315.4345138.818.2321132.121.7

a. Includes visits for which the patient had a sole diagnosis of a common cold (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision codes 460.0, 465, or 472.0) and for which antibiotics were prescribed or continued. Population is U.S. Census Bureau estimated civilian noninstitutional population on July 1 of the 2 data years. Ambulatory medical care visits include visits to office-based physicians, hospital outpatient departments, and emergency departments.

b. Race data were missing for about 20-30% of visits for a cold in which an antibiotic was prescribed in 2007-2008 and 21.7 % of visits in 2008-2009. Missing data were imputed, and standard errors were inflated consistent with the guidance in 2007 NAMCS Microdata File Documentation,�� These data should be interpreted with caution.

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: AI/AN: American Indian or Alaska Native; NHOPI: Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; MSA: metropolitan statistical area; SE: standard error.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey.


Page last reviewed October 2014
Internet Citation: T15_3_1_1: 2011 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.


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