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2011 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports

The National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) is a comprehensive national overview of quality of health care in the United States. It is organized around four dimensions of quality of care: effectiveness, patient safety, timeliness, and patient centeredness.

Table 2_4_2.2
Deaths per 1,000 hospital admissions with coronary artery bypass graft,a age 40 and over,b by race/ethnicity, United States, 2008
  TotalWhiteBlackAPIHispanic, all races
Population groupRateSERateSERateSERateSERateSE
Total 24.50.324.00.326.
65 and over32.90.532.90.532.11.843.52.928.21.9
  85 and over71.
Median income of patient's ZIP CodeFirst quartile (lowest income)26.70.627.20.727.11.641.66.321.32.0
Second quartile24.00.623.60.621.92.438.54.523.42.8
Third quartile25.10.624.70.727.32.928.53.427.92.9
Fourth quartile (highest income)21.70.620.50.734.03.326.
Location of patient residenceLarge central metropolitan23.60.622.40.726.41.731.92.824.11.9
Large fringe metropolitan23.00.622.70.628.22.318.94.824.73.4
Medium metropolitan26.00.724.70.727.
Small metropolitan26.
Expected payment sourcePrivate insurance21.70.720.90.825.82.420.53.921.62.8
Other insurance30.32.328.92.6DSUDSUDSUDSU57.69.6
Uninsured/self-pay/no charge31.
Region of inpatient treatmentNortheast24.20.724.10.822.
Ownership/control of hospitalPrivate, not for profit23.80.323.20.427.21.330.
Private, for profit26.20.826.90.922.92.935.16.523.02.3
Teaching status of hospitalTeaching23.60.523.00.523.71.529.32.726.12.2
Location of hospitalLarge central metropolitan24.00.523.40.625.71.630.32.725.11.8
Large fringe metropolitan21.10.720.90.725.62.518.
Medium metropolitan26.30.625.20.636.
Small metropolitan26.70.927.00.920.13.549.613.331.25.5
Bed size of hospitalLess than 10022.61.922.72.3DSUDSU50.710.1DSUDSU
500 or more24.70.523.90.628.01.833.94.629.12.1

a. Consistent with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Inpatient Quality Indicators (IQI) software, exclusions include obstetric admissions and transfers to another hospital.

b. Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, major diagnostic category (MDC), and all patient refined-diagnosis related group (APR-DRG) risk of mortality score.� When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender, MDC, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age, MDC, and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.� The AHRQ IQI software was modified to not use the present on admission (POA) indicators (or estimates of the likelihood of POA for secondary diagnosis).

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2007, and AHRQ Quality Indicators, modified version 4.1. The analysis file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 31 States: Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.


Page last reviewed October 2014
Internet Citation: T2_4_2_2: 2011 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.


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