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Research Activities

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January/February 1996

Table of Contents

About Research Activities

Feature Story

Regionalizing cardiac surgery facilities contributes to improved outcomes and lower costs


Medical Effectiveness/Outcomes Research
   Opthalmologists vary widely in their approach to cataract surgery

Patient Care/Clinical Decisionmaking
   Lifestyle changes no more effective than placebo in reducing mild hypertension
   Age and other nonclinical factors affect prostate cancer treatment decisions
   ER physicians' attitudes toward risk affect triage decisions
   Disparities found among patient groups in use of do-not-resuscitate orders

Health Care Costs and Financing
   Up to 23 percent of elderly Americans could be rejected for private long-term care insurance at age 65
   Preconception care of diabetic women results in cost savings
   Researchers examine the costs of primary coronary angioplasty
   Hospital-based managed care plans reduce costs and shorten stays for c-section patients
   Medicare patients enrolled in HMOs receive fewer home health care visits than those in fee-for-service plans

Health Care Utilization
   Blacks hospitalized for congestive heart failure more often than whites
   FDA guidelines reduce unnecessary dental x-rays

Family Health
   Outreach efforts produce only minimal increases in preventive health screenings among poor children

HIV/AIDS Research
   Primary care physicians often fail to recognize important signs of HIV infection
   Even when health status is very poor, most AIDS patients want to be revived if their hearts stop
   Hospitalization costs rise sharply for AIDS patients in the months prior to death

Clinical Computing
   Proceedings of SCAMSI conference published as journal supplement

Regular Features

   AHCPR's World Wide Web site goes live
   AHCPR and HRSA announce new projects in pediatric emergency medicine
   AHCPR funds major study of outpatient treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease
   Guide helps consumers make decisions about elective surgery
   New publications available from NTIS

Research Briefs
   Ethical and scientific features of cutoff-based designs of clinical trials
   Resources for assessing innovations in mechanical ventilatory support
   Computer-based patient records
   Medical sociology and health policy: Where are the connections?
   Relationship between procedures and health insurance for critically ill patients with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
   Validation of a new measure of diarrhea
   Gainers and losers under a tax-based health care reform plan
   Comparison of the sensitivity and specificity of exercise electrocardiography in unbiased populations of men and women
   A review of six computerized dental reference resources: Part 1
   An integer programming model to limit hospital selection in studies with repeated sampling
   Ethical considerations in oncology
   Economic evaluation of a randomized clinical trial comparing vinorelbine, vinorelbine plus cisplatin, and vindesine plus cisplatin for non-small-cell lung cancer
   Employment-based health insurance: Implications of the sampling unit for policy analysis

AHCPR Publication No. 96-0041
Current as of March 1996

The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.


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