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Research Activities

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July/August 1996, No. 195


About Research Activities

Feature Story

Higher incidence of birth defects may be linked to lower use of prenatal testing in black and Hispanic women


Patient Care/Clinical Decisionmaking
   Factors identified that predict the need for ICU admission of ER patients with acute chest pain
   Much of the variation across hospitals in short term survival of elderly heart attack patients remains unexplained
   Stroke PORT publishes its latest findings
   Surgery for spinal stenosis has increased
   Age-related differences in patients undergoing surgery are narrowing for some cancers

Health Care Costs and Financing
   Medicaid reimbursement affects nursing home staffing levels and quality of care
   Health insurance plans vary in coverage review process for new medical technology
   High costs for the most sophisticated trauma centers support limiting the number of such centers

HIV/AIDS Research
   Measuring a patient's viral load helps predict amount of time until HIV infection progresses to AIDS
   Studies explore risk of opportunistic infections and risks and benefits of medications for HIV-infected patients

Rural/Minority Health
   Downsizing in the 1980s failed to improve financial performance of rural hospitals
   High levels of functional disability found among Mexican-American nursing home residents

Primary Care/Managed Care
   Making vaccines free to providers may not improve childhood immunization rates
   Conference focuses on the changing interface of primary and specialty care
   "Medical necessity" is an imprecise term

   ACHPR launches MEPS project
   New publications available from NTIS

Research Briefs
   Payment source and the cost of hospital care
   Decision support systems for management of mechanical ventilation
   Databases—Their use in developing clinical practice guidelines and estimating the cost impact of guideline implementation
   Outcomes research and practice guidelines
   Practical issues in conducting small-area variation analysis
   Neighborhood locations of Section 8 housing certificate users with and without mental illness

Current as of July 1996

The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.


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