Skip Navigation U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Agency for Healthcare Research Quality
Archive print banner

Research Activities

This information is for reference purposes only. It was current when produced and may now be outdated. Archive material is no longer maintained, and some links may not work. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing this information should contact us at: Let us know the nature of the problem, the Web address of what you want, and your contact information.

Please go to for current information.

June 2002, No. 262


About Research Activities

Feature Story

New analysis confirms a direct link between nurse staffing and patient complications and deaths in hospitals

Patient Safety

Computerized algorithms that generate reminders, alerts, protocols, and other information reduce clinical errors
New Zealand's no-fault approach to medical injury cases has the potential to prevent such injuries in the future

Women's Health

Hysterectomy does not appear to diminish long-term life satisfaction among older women
Long-term outcomes are comparable for inpatient and outpatient treatment of women with pelvic inflammatory disease

Outcomes/Effectiveness Research

New measure may help prevent patients with pneumonia from being sent home from the hospital too soon
People who have diabetes are twice as likely to use complementary and alternative medicine as other patients
Elevated lipoprotein(a) may be a risk factor for problems with vascular access among black hemodialysis patients
Use of subcutaneous instead of IV erythropoietin for end-stage renal disease patients could reduce Medicare costs
Users of nonaspirin, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory medicines may benefit from use of aspirin for cardioprotection
Lower birthweight may be associated with patient responses to certain antihypertensive medications
Iron deficiency in utero is associated with diminished performance in certain mental and psychomotor tests
Researchers examine prevalence, quality of life, and treatment of men suffering from prostate problems

Primary Care

Primary care doctors suspect that one in five childhood injuries they see is due to physical abuse
Pediatricians often make referrals to specialists during telephone conversations with parents
Pneumonia vaccination rates remain low, and racial disparities exit
Obese patients have a greater illness burden than other patients and usually are less satisfied with their health care
Impaired nursing home residents may not get the end-of-life care they want, even if they have an advance directive

Mental Health

Depression in people with diabetes is associated with increased health care use and higher expenditures
Primary care physicians often prescribe psychotropic drugs to treat hyperactivity and depression in children
Although a sense of control at work and home affects people's risk for depression and anxiety, social class also counts

Health Care Costs and Financing

Expanding income eligibility for State Children's Health Insurance Programs would not burden the program
New case study indicates that mental health parity did not raise costs for a large employer who used a managed care arrangement
Shifting to Medicaid managed care in New Mexico increased barriers for rural residents and burdened safety-net providers
Accreditation of managed care health plans does not necessarily ensure high quality care or higher enrollment rates
Health plans can work toward eliminating racial and ethnic health disparities by developing better data

Medical Informatics

Collaborations between medical informatics and health services research are a natural bridge to improved health care quality

Agency News and Notes

Joint Commission and National Quality Forum establish the John M. Eisenberg Patient Safety Awards
AHRQ launches GOLD on the Web


AHRQ announces a new recommendation on screening for depression and other materials from the U.S Preventive Services Task Force
Web conference on child health scheduled for mid-July
AHRQ releases nine new evidence reports, including one on methods used to rate the strength of scientific evidence
AHRQ schedules MEPS users' workshops
New publications now available from AHRQ

Research Briefs

Current as of June 2002
AHRQ Publication No. 02-0032

The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.


AHRQ Advancing Excellence in Health Care