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Pediatric Terrorism and Disaster Preparedness

Public Health Emergency Preparedness

This resource was part of AHRQ's Public Health Emergency Preparedness program, which was discontinued on June 30, 2011, in a realignment of Federal efforts.

This information is for reference purposes only. It was current when produced and may now be outdated. Archive material is no longer maintained, and some links may not work. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing this information should contact us at: Let us know the nature of the problem, the Web address of what you want, and your contact information.

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Abbreviation Name
AAP American Academy of Pediatrics
ACEP American College of Emergency Physicians
ACIP Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices
AFRRI Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute
AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
AMU Atomic mass unit
ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome
ARS Acute radiation sickness/syndrome
BAL British antilewisite (dimercaprol)
BAT Biodosimetry assessment tool
BIGIV Botulism immune globulin intravenous
BSA Body surface area
BWC Biological Weapons Convention
CARD Collaborating Agencies Responding to Disasters
CBT Cognitive behavioral treatment
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CERT Citizen Emergency Response Training
cGy centiGray
CISD/CISM Critical incident stress debriefing/management
CNS Central nervous system
CPAP Continuous positive airway pressure
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CR Dibenzoxazepine
CRS Cutaneous radiation syndrome
CS 2-chlorobenzylidene
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
DEOC Director';s Emergency Operations Center (CDC)
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DMAT Disaster Medical Assistance Team
DMORT Disaster Mortuary Assistance Team
DOD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DTPA Diethylenetriaminepentaacetate
DU Depleted uranium
ED Emergency department
EEE Eastern equine encephalitis
EMDR Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
EMS Emergency medical services
EMT Emergency medical technician
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
ESF #8 Emergency services function #8
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
FRP Federal Response Plan
G-CSF Granulocyte colony stimulating factor
GI Gastrointestinal
GIS Geographic information systems
G-M Geiger-Mueller
GM-CSF Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor
Gy Gray
HEICS Hospital emergency incident command system
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HVA Hazard vulnerability analysis
HVAC Heating, ventilation, air conditioning
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
ICS Incident command system
IND Improvised nuclear device
JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
KT Kiloton
LET Linear energy transfer
LRN Laboratory Response Network
MCI Mass casualty incident
MEN Multiple endocrine neoplasia
MMST Metro Medical Strike Team
MPERT Mobile Pediatric Emergency Response Team
MSU Management Support Unit
NCRP National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
NDMS National Disaster Medical System
NHTSA National Highway Transportation Safety Administration
NIMS National Incident Management System
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission
OEM Office of Emergency Management
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
PBI Primary blast injury
PCR Polymerase chain reaction
PEPP Pediatric Emergencies for Prehospital Professionals
PPE Personal protective equipment
PPV Positive-pressure ventilation
PSI Pound(s) per square inch
PTA Parent/teacher association
PTS Pediatric trauma score
PTSD/S Posttraumatic stress disorder/syndrome
Rad Radiation absorbed dose
RADIAC Radiation detection, indication, and computation
RBC Red blood cell
RDD Radiological dispersal device
REAC-TS Radiation Emergency Action Center Training Site
REM Roentgen equivalent man
RIA Radioactive iodine ablation
RTG Radioisotopic thermoelectric generators
SCIWORA Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality
SEB Staphylococcus enterotoxin B
SI System International
SNS Strategic National Stockpile
SSRI Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
START Simple Triage and Rapid Transport
Sv Sievert
TLD Thermoluminescent device
TMI Three Mile Island
TNT Trinitrotoluene
TPN Total parenteral nutrition
TSA Transportation Security Administration
TSH Thyroid stimulating hormone
USPHS United States Public Health Service
VEE Venezuelan equine encephalitis
VHF Viral hemorrhagic fever
VIG Vaccinia immune globulin
WEE Western equine encephalitis
WHO World Health Organization
WMD Weapons of mass destruction

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