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Research Activities

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September 1996, No. 196


About Research Activities

Feature Story

AHCPR releases new caregiver guide on urinary incontinence


Primary Care/Managed Care
   Erythromycin reduces time off work but not symptoms in patients with acute bronchitis
   Less than two-thirds of family physicians follow recommendations to routinely vaccinate infants against hepatitis B
   Lyme disease may occur much more often than reported

Patient Care/Clinical Decisionmaking
   Preventive treatment with antibiotics appears to be more effective for severely ill patients
   Pregnant women exposed to chicken pox should be tested for immune status before being given varicella-zoster immune globulin
   Nonclinical factors may influence use of episiotomies

Patient Outcomes/Effective Research
   Surgical discectomy is cost effective for certain patients with herniated discs

Health Care Quality and Utilization
   Physician claims can provide clues to causes of postoperative complications
   Current health, race, and age predict future prescription drug use
   Elderly private patients are less apt to wait for nursing home admission than those eligible for Medicaid
   Physician retention continues to be problematic in rural areas

HIV/AIDS Research
   San Francisco's response to the AIDS epidemic triggered a dramatically altered sense of community

Health Technology Assessment
   A verdict on the value of stem-cell transplantation in multiple myeloma awaits the results of ongoing studies

AHCPR News and Notes
   Redefining the role of research in an evolving health care market
   AHCPR releases guideline on early Alzheimer's disease and begins new focus on gathering science-based evidence
   Consumers and health care professionals view quality of care differently
   New consumer guide talks about safe, effective use of prescription medicines
   New audiotape presents information for consumers who have vision problems

   AHCPR announces CAHPS® advisory group
   AHCPR funds new projects
   New publications available from NTIS
   Two journals seek articles on women's health and maternal and child health

Research Briefs
   Treatment differences between blacks and whites with colorectal cancer
   Influence of comorbidity on the outcome of patients treated for out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation
   Women's satisfaction with prenatal care settings: A focus group study
   The effect of disease-prevalence adjustments on the accuracy of a logistic prediction model
   A randomized, controlled effectiveness trial of an AIDS prevention program for low-income African-American youths
   A measurement model of the medical outcomes study 36-item short-form health survey in a clinical sample of disadvantaged, older, black and white men and women

Current as of September 1996

The information on this page is archived and provided for reference purposes only.


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